The statistical numbers support the popularity and importance of learning English. An astonishing 1.5 billion people speak English (about 20% of the world's population). Most of those, however, are non-native speakers. Even then, about 360 million people speak English as their first language.
It is not surprising that the demand for English tuition is continuously on the rise in India which, in fact, uses English as one of its official languages of administration.
English also happens to be the most commonly studied foreign language in the world. In the contemporary world, the most common varieties of the English language include British English, American English, Canadian English, Australian and New Zealand English, South Asian English, and African English.
How to Become an English Tuition Expert
Becoming an expert private tutor in English starts with laying out the objectives of English classes, whether they are online English classes or one-on-one or in a classroom setting. English teachers also have to be careful of the unique nature of linguistics training in a multicultural and multilingual setting such as India. Keeping these in mind, the two primary objectives of English teaching can be summed up as:
- Language Development
- Literary Development
It is also critical for English language trainers to keep the age of students in mind and adjust these objectives accordingly. Home tutoring or academic tutoring in coaching institutes, the best tutors can provide supplemental instruction and individualized training catering to the learning needs of the tutee.
Based on the learning objectives, many pedagogy experts have recommended a four-fold teaching approach to English language training. This approach includes:
English Learning Objectives at Various Levels
The junior level or the lower secondary stage comprises classes V, VI, VII, and VIII. At this level, the primary goal of teaching English is language development rather than the difficulties of pronunciation, growth of vocabulary, grammar, and structure. Reading and writing skills, essay writing, homework help, and other support services are the primary objectives of one-on-one tutoring at this level.
The senior-level or the higher secondary level consists of classes IX, X, XI, and XII and the objectives of English teaching are both the development of language as well as the development of an understanding of literature.
- Development of a taste for English Literature by reading prose, poetry, story, etc.
- Drawing aesthetic pleasure from reading English Literature
- Understanding critical views
- Development of the ability to translate
- Developing a creative interest in English literature.
Responsibilities of an English Teacher
Typical responsibilities of a professional English teacher in India include:
- Planning, preparing and delivering lessons
- Preparing teaching materials
- Helping students improve their English listening, spoken English, English reading and English writing skills via individual and group sessions
- Continuous evaluation of students' progress
- Organizing and conducting specialist courses, if required
- Attending social events to create and gain awareness and to network with colleagues and like-minded professionals.
Nowadays, schools typically ask for a Bachelor’s degree in elementary education (B.El.Ed.) or a Bachelor's degree in education (B.Ed). If you have graduated with a major in English language and literature, you obviously stand a better chance!
The requirements for an English teaching job in Indian colleges are slightly different with most employers asking for a master’s degree (M.Ed.) or a Ph.D. Many colleges in India offer a Master's program in education (M.Ed.) A series of state (SLET) and national-level (NET) pedagogy tests are standardized tests to screen the best teachers.
How Much Can I Earn as an English Teacher?
A certified English teacher in India, that is someone who has earned a degree in education, as well as the English language, will have a number of opportunities to choose from. From private tuition in English to English tuitions online, from conducting English classes in language training institutes to getting employment in government-run schools and private educational institutions - there are a host of promising career paths to take.
Which Factors Determine the Price of English Lessons?
For a primary school teacher with less than a year's experience, the average annual salary may vary between INR 59,516 – INR 232,699. However, with more experience, the salary is expected to go up. You must have absolute clarity on how to set the right prices for your tutoring services.
Educational degrees and certifications play a decisive role in the pay scale of an English teacher. Some of the degrees and certifications that come in handy while applying for the post of an English teacher in schools are:
- B.A. English
- Bilingual Education
- Teacher Certification
- Elementary Teacher Certification (Grades 1-5)
- Secondary Teacher Certification (Grade 9-12)
- Bachelor of Education
- Bachelor of Education, English
- M.A. English
- Middle Teacher Certification (Grade 5-9)
- MRT or Master Reading Teacher Certification
The pay structures also vary according to the location of the job (city/ town/ village). This is because of the disparities in the costs of living in each sector.
What About Private English Tutors?
The world of private tutoring is prospering in India. What began as home tutoring by individual teachers for students who need supplemental instruction has now become a full-fledged industry of tutoring companies running a parallel schooling system.
Students want to find a tutor who can help with homework, test prep, provide individualized attention to some of the problem areas of the tutee and so on. A personal tutor helps in different areas of English training such as reading and comprehension, college essay writing, improving upon class notes and so on.
Online English Tuitions
Online tutoring services include internet-based online tutoring sites, online academic support services, as well as tutoring services that use the virtual world as a resource base to impart knowledge and education to students.
Moreover, the perceived anonymity of online learning offers shy students the courage to ask questions and seek clarifications for the issues they face in school, right from the comfort of their home.
There are different ways to offer your services as an online English tutor:
- Become a tutor on Superprof.
- Offer services on freelancing platforms such as Upwork.
- Create English language course material and sell it to millions of students on platforms like Udemy.
- TOEFL, SAT, IELTS English coaching or a basic course on how to write college applications (SOPs, etc.) are in high demand due to the increase in the ESL market.
- Teaching via Skype to students all across the globe. You can schedule a lecture specifically tailored to suit your needs.
Organizing Classes: A Key to Landing Teaching Jobs
The fundamental goal of any teaching methodology is to motivate the students to absorb and retain what is being taught. Your student can be someone who uses English as a mother tongue or English as a second language (ESL).
Planning an Effective Lesson
Here is a step-by-step guide on how to plan your English lesson.
Set Out Objectives
Write out the goal of the lesson - "Students will be able to improve their reading or comprehension skills" - basically, summing up what your students will be able to do once you have imparted the lesson. You can also add how they might be able to do it (e.g. worksheets, activities, flashcards, etc.)
State an Overview
Outline the big ideas contained in the lesson. Make bullet points to cull out the main ideas contained in the chapter you might be covering.
Plan your timeline
Break your lesson down into manageable sections:
- Present information
- Guided practice
- Free practice
Know Your Students
Know the people you are going to educate - talk about their learning styles (visual, auditory, tactile or a combination), their existent knowledge on the subject.
Interact with Your Students
Facilitate different types of interaction among students, as well as between students and yourself - their English teacher. Remember, each student is unique - while some do well on their own, there are others who thrive in pairs, and yet others who do well in big groups.
How to Attract Students to Your Spoken English Classes Online
Teaching a new language has its share of challenges. Here are some basics you need to take care of initially to kickstart your search for teaching jobs and prospective clients. Keep in mind that you are going to be teaching students who want to learn English and be able to use it as their native language.
Laying the Foundation
- State Your Specializations: It goes without saying that you must be an ace in the subject matter of English before you can start teaching their nuances to other learners.
- Specify Your Grade Levels: Most tutors focus on a particular grade level or subject level, such as beginners English or advanced level, high school English or more complex English lessons for undergraduate students. Decide which level best suits your skills.
- Upload Your Resume: Don't forget to include any kind of tutoring experience you may have had. This could include tutoring friends and even family members, as well as former classmates.
- Set Your Price: Do your own research in checking the prevalent rates for other tutors and coaching institutes for English language training in your area.
- Set the Location for English Lessons: Once you have given your prospective clients an idea about the total cost and payment plan to teach English language skills to non-native speakers, set your preferred location for conducting classes. Will it be at your home, your students' place or a neutral location such as a coffee shop or the library. Consider all these preferences while quoting your lesson price and fixing your class schedule.
Advertise Your English Tutoring Skills
Now that you have set tuition fees, advertised your specific area of expertise (e.g. bilingual education, undergraduate tuition, reading and listening, etc.), let us move on to the business of self-promotion in the English language instruction.
- Business cards and brochures
- Classifieds such as Just Dial, Sulekha
- Social media platforms
- Online tutor platforms such as Superprof, UrbanPro
- Use your own network: Spread the word around for the tutoring services you are offering and find out if someone is looking for them.
How Can I Impart English Lessons to a Child with Dyslexia?
ESL teaching jobs are in high demand. But, it can be very stressful if and when you encounter a learner/s with dyslexia. Dyslexic learners, especially when learning written English, have difficulty recognizing new patterns, sounds, and symbols. Remember, they already are struggling with their reading, spelling and vocabulary acquisition. They also struggle to retain information.
Problems of Tutoring Students with Dyslexia
During teacher training courses or language teaching courses, it is not part of the curriculum to teach future teachers the skills to provide specialized teaching for learners with learning disabilities. However, there are many strategies that can be adopted while teaching English and that the teacher can improvise upon to create a more inclusive classroom.
- They may struggle to read, spell or even write at the early levels of school.
- They often suffer from low self-esteem.
- They may face attention deficiency.
- In more extreme cases, dyslexic students can display illegible handwriting, clumsy and uncoordinated personality traits and confusion in distinguishing the right from the left, and vice versa.
How to Teach English to Dyslexic Students
As an English teacher, try not to bombard your students with special needs with just worksheets or exercises. Instead, tailor your lesson plans to integrate conventional pedagogy with other methods.
Recognizing and distinguishing between different letters is one of the major problems that dyslexics face. In such a scenario, learning aids such as flashcards can become a convenient ally for both student and teacher.
Most dyslexic students face an uphill task with spellings. The problem is exacerbated as English is not a phonetic language and has a lot of exceptions to its various pronunciation rules.
For the more visual learners, the art of mnemonics or the visual association of words can be greatly beneficial in English classes. Encourage your young learners to form an imaginative picture of the words in their minds.
Recognizing Bs, Ps, and Ds
There are a number of letters in the English alphabet with mirror images. In this regard, the letters that most commonly get mixed up are P, B and D. This can be incredibly frustrating for students, especially ones with dyslexia who have trouble directions. Using flashcards, again, come in handy.
English words are made up of different syllables and can often be classified with the beginning sounds. Classification is a great way to teach students the spellings of English words, and also to retain them. In fact, this can prove useful for your regular ESL students too.