If you are an aspiring lawyer and wish to pursue different careers in the legal areas, you have to learn about the good institutes, internships, and scholarships to plan your future. Before diving into the legal world, you may need to be familiar with the popular law jargon and terms. In this article, we have all information about judicial aspects in India to give you a crash course on Law 101 in India.

You will learn some important terms that are used in court and where you may apply to get the best scholarship. Even if you are not pursuing a career as a lawyer, you may benefit from this general information in case you ever need to participate in legal cases. Moreover, some of the terms and list of situations are very basic such as family laws, criminal laws, personal injury laws, and human rights laws.

Therefore, learning the basic Indian terminologies, Indian acts, subsection terms, and jargons come under general knowledge to expand your awareness of the word around. Keep on reading to know all about Law 101 and apply that to your life and career.

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Indian laws have different act sections, law terms, and article lists that make it very complex. Although if you learn some of the constitution terms, you may understand the provisions of the high court, Supreme Court, and state district court. Moreover, this shall make you aware of the provision and proceeding that takes place in the court.

Law-101-in-India
Bankruptcy, Source: Unsplash

The first thing that comes under Law 101 in India is a list of terms that are used at a national and international level. This glossary of legal terms, the title of members, and public terminologies will help you understand certain things that create an order in the court. Moreover, they have specific functions for each act, such as affidavit, appeal, suit, appeal, issue notice, attestation, and more.

For instance, an affidavit is a written statement by a party in the presence of an oath commissioner or a notary public. Appeals stand for the legal proceedings that are presented in the high court to reassess the lower states court. A dispute is a conflict that shall lead to a claim or rights in the litigation. It may be related to estate, property, or money.

Fundamental rights are part of the Indian constitution for all citizens. They are the legal obligations of the state and national interest to the people of India. A petitioner is a person who presents a petition in the state court, high court, parliament, or Supreme Court.

Different Types of Indian Laws

Indian laws revolve around different religious race castes such as Hindu, Muslim, and Sikh, sexual harassment women, goods services tax, human rights, real estate property, national affairs, and information protection. These laws make the judicial system quite complex to understand with the Indian evidence act, uniform civil code, and Indian penal code.

These laws govern different provisions with the Indian evidence, purposes act, and amendment act to ensure justice prevails. You may have to learn certain common laws, personal law terms, parliamentary legislature, court laws, parliament article act laws, customary and religious laws to get familiar with the system.

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The constitution has added different laws to provide welfare to women, children, and weaker sections of the society.

Types of Law in India

Common-Law has origins in England company law and focuses on the consent of the public and practising harmony. It deals with judicial precedent and provisions. Family law is for divorce, child adoption, and custody battles. Personal injury law is for the people who get injured due to negligence and accidents.

Criminal law is from the Indian penal code act 1860 and works around basic crimes such as murder, theft, kidnapping, and frauds. These laws are applicable to both national citizens and foreigners. Civil laws are for crimes that may be at national or states level courts.  Statutory law is called the legislative law and works at states legislation, national legislation, and local municipalities.

India has different laws based on specific religious views and Hindu religion, Muslim religion, and others to ensure everyone’s views are respected. These may come under family laws; however, they need a special lawyer to act right on such cases.

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Best Law Firms in India

You may plan on pursuing a higher law degree from India, London, or United States. However, the basic laws information and core education of the Indian laws will be better in the county. To get more real-life experience years with Supreme Court, high court, and high courts law India, you may enrol in internships at the most prestigious institutes.

Your law degree will have an additional internship and real-life experience so that you can bag a bigger package. Moreover, you may add an MBA degree if you wish to work as a member of a private firm with years of experience at the national or international level.

Founded in 1911, Khaitan and Co. is the top firm with 97 partners and directors. Their main office is in Mumbai and offers up to 14.2 lakhs per annum package, making it the highest paying law firm in India. S&R Associates is another excellent law firm in India. It has a 50-50 gender ratio and works in areas such as Private Equity, Capital Markets, Corporate/M&A, and IT Telco & Media.

You may try Talwar Thakore and Associates and work in sections of Corporate and M&A, Banking and Finance, and Capital Markets. They offer a salary of base pay is 13 lakhs with a bonus of 40% on the basic pay. Trilegal is another great firm to work at with more than 150 lawyers.

They work in Real Estate, Infrastructure, Technology and IT, Energy, Mergers and Acquisitions, Capital Markets, Private Equity, and Banking. You may earn up to Rs 11.28 lakhs per annum and remuneration of 18 lakhs per annum based on performance. This may increase with a consecutive increase in years.

Different Types of Lawyers in India

After finishing your law degree, you may wish to specialise in a certain law type to work on specific cases. Make sure you make a list of your interests, mentors, and firm options before picking a specialization. Know about different lawyers and professional requirements to choose a specialization.

You may choose the real estate or bankruptcy lawyer subsection if these are your areas of interest. These are always in demand and have high-profile cases to work on. Moreover, you may become a personal injury lawyer and help an individual to get claims from a company or a person.

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If you wish to do such public social work, you may work as a human rights lawyer. These include crimes against humanity, religious groups’ children, women, LGBTQIA, and indigenous groups. You can also become a civil litigation lawyer to represent as an attorney in the court. Medical practice law attorney is another interesting specialization to fight claims against negligence at hospitals.

All About Law scholarships for Aspiring Lawyers

Here is some more information about Law 101 in India and scholarships offered to make your studies a bit easier on the pocket. As you know, education may be more out of reach for the student section who do not have financially stable power. So, many union organisations and government councils offer scholarships to ensure the hardworking kids get a chance to study and excel in the field.

A person may receive a cash assistance or fees waiver under the union scholarships. Learn all the information about the GEV scholarship committee to receive scholarships for undergraduate and postgraduate degrees. One of the prerequisites for this scholarship is to be an LLB/LLM degree student. This is only open for the national, local students section who are meritorious in their studies.

Another scholarship committee union is from the Central Sector Scheme of Scholarships for Law College and University Students. The HR department provides 82,000 annual scholarships to both girls and boys for different graduate and postgraduate courses. The Aditya Birla Group Scholarship Programme is another prestigious scholarship programme for law aspirants.

They offer scholarships up to Rs. 1.8 lakh per year or the fees for the programme union considering whichever one is lower. Ensure that you read all the rules right, score evidence, financial evidence, and eligibility criteria of the programs before filling the application forms. Also, apply for the scholarship committee within the given time and date before the certain provision closes.

What is Pro Bono Work?

Furthermore, learn about the Law 101 in India Pro Bono union services offered by various firms and NGOs. Pro bono is a Latin term that stands for the good right of the public. There is a weaker section of society that is unaware of its rights and may not be able to afford court fees. So, lawyers make it a point to represent such cases in state courts without any fees or minimal charges.

The skilled lawyers make sure they set a date for such a case and collect evidence to support the right public. These may be government firms or private court workers who put in the time to help a subsection of the society. As there are so many new rules, they may help the public section be aware of such new provisions.

Many firms including, The Society of Women Lawyers (SOWL), Dagar & Cheema Law Firm, and ValuStrat Pro-Bono Advisory, offer pro bono help and advisory to people. Most of the government and private NGOs work to help the underprivileged section of the society to give them a place of their own.

They help in making their life better and offer them help with cases and court appeals. Register on Superprof to learn in-depth about law and pro bono services in India. You can find a teacher with years of experience to assist you with your studies at any time and date as per your schedule.

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