India has an intricate law system with several sections and acts. It requires a particular lawyer to handle different types of cases. The specialisation may depend on your skills and area of expertise. Moreover, one specialisation may be more exciting and close to your choice of career. While choosing a specialisation, make sure to keep in view your scores, interests, mentor, and job options.

Knowing about the different types of lawyers, basic laws and career options may help you decide better for the future. You may practice in a public or a private firm company after the specialisation. As the demand for lawyers with changing times and new laws are increasing, the profession is welcoming. However, you will need to work hard and make a name for yourself as an individual legal worker.

As a lawyer, you can work in criminal defence, civil litigation, attorney cases, common laws, and corporate cases. It turns out; everyone needs a lawyer at some point in their lives. This article discusses the different types of lawyers like family lawyers, human rights lawyers, injury lawyers, and more.

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List of Different Types of Lawyers in the Country

Here is a list of all the different lawyers in some of the common areas of the legal system. You will learn all about different areas of law practice at the law school or university, such as the topnotch Marwadi University. These range from corporate, public to personal area laws.

different-types-of-lawyers
Lawyer, Source: Unsplash

Civil Litigation

The lawyers who need to visit the court on a routine basis for litigation of their clients are known as litigators. They are the civil litigation attorney to represent the clients in the civil court. Most of the time, they are either working for a plaintiff, defendant, or someone who is not a criminal.

Some of the common work for a civil litigation lawyer is contract disputes for alimony, injury, debt, class action, property, and cases against the government.

Real Estate

As the name suggests, real estate attorneys work for purchases of title documents, transfer documents, agreements, and mortgages. They may represent sellers, buyers, developers, landlords, and tenants as an attorney. These are the most common real estate attorneys in the buying or selling of the property. Moreover, these may even work for contracts and leases over a period of time.

Criminal Lawyer

A criminal lawyer is an attorney who defends the people and organisations against public or government charges in federal and state courts. The lawyers have the knowledge of the rules for arrest, bail, pleas, arraignment, proof, and other relatable issues. The most common crime cases involve sexual battery, homicide, and assault.

Personal Injury Lawyer

Personal injury lawyers are for the cases in which an individual is injured due to the negligence of a company or a person. The lawyers may work on a contingent fee basis like there will be no monthly bills for the lawyers.

Moreover, the lawyer will help you get the appropriate care and plan for the injury and trauma you may have suffered. Some of the most common claims are car accidents, falls, infrastructural damage, and slip accidents.

Human Rights Lawyer

A human rights lawyer works to provide legal aid to the victims against human rights violations. The crimes against humanity, such as torture or captivating someone, come under these cases. Every citizen has the freedom to live a life that is free from such shackles. The basic rights of a victim are safeguarded in such cases to prevent them from ill-treatment.

Human rights lawyers are also called civil rights lawyers as they work for compromised rights of LGBTQIA, women, children, refugees, and indigenous groups. They also deal with tasks such as drafting legal documents, personal files, negotiation and litigation of settlements, and defending human rights cases in the court.

If you wish to work as a human rights lawyer, you require analytical, communication skills, reasoning ability, and critical thinking skills, along with knowledge of international human rights laws. This profession is not for the fainthearted as there are so many gruesome things to tackle.

Medical Malpractice

Medical practice law attorney is a personal injury lawyer in the medical field. Some of the cases are inconclusive, or a family member may be hurt due to negligence and injury at the hospital. These cases come under medical malpractice, and the person deserves a claim.

Besides, it covers misdiagnosis, deliberate diagnosis, inaccurate treatment, and negligence from the part of the hospital. Apart from this, an unpaid bill may be a medical lien on the victim and demand them to clear the dues.

Employment Lawyer

Employment lawyers are for both employees and employers to work on legal issues related to the workplace. The common causes include wrongful termination, workplace harassment, retaliation, and discrimination. These may also include cases like a lack of financial claim as per the contract.

Workers’ Compensation

These lawyers work for personal injury and employment laws simultaneously. If a person suffers an injury at the job, they should hire a compensation lawyer. The worker compensation lawyers are specialised in helping the workers receive fair treatment and claims for workplace injuries. Moreover, there are disability compensation programs for such cases.

Family Lawyer

The family practice lawyers deal with family-related situations like adoption, prenuptial agreement, divorce, and alimony. These are the legal family matters that require court orders. Some of these lawyers may have to work alongside sexual assault, domestic violence, and child custody cases in court.

Immigration

An immigration lawyer helps immigrants and employers with legal issues in the country. The immigration lawyers assist them with visas, green cars, citizenship, asylum, and refugee status. These laws are constantly on a change and update; hence the lawyers need to be aware of the attorney situations.

Estate Planning

An estate planning lawyer is for when you require a will to assess your medical care and property after being gone. These lawyers assist in the planning of advanced care states, money, and the company’s handover. Moreover, it also includes the tax details for wealthy people driven by the local or the state law.

Intellectual Property

Intellectual property attorneys are for companies, inventors, artists, and companies to help with copyright and trademark issues. Besides, they also assist with trademarks, patents, and trade secrets. These attorneys assist the clients in preventing any infringing and protecting intellectual property.

Corporate Law

The corporate lawyers handle governance, business entity formation, and compliance issues. They also work on contract reviews, mergers, divestitures, financing, and security systems.

Tax

A tax lawyer will help you in case you are being sued by the Internal Revenue Service. The lawyer will fix the issues with taxes and assist in future tax plans to prevent tax evasion and failure.

Bankruptcy

different-types-of-lawyers
Gray Scale, Source: Unsplash

Bankruptcy lawyers are for people who are suffering from financial setbacks like medical debt, mortgage, and credit card debts. They help the people get relief from paying the debts with the discharge of debts or repayment plan for the debts.

What is the scope of lawyers in India?

The regulatory role of a lawyer is of immense assistance to both the public and private sectors. It is an excellent career option for people looking for a stable income and some adventure daily. You may choose from any of the above specialisations to create a career as an attorney. Moreover, you can work as a government employee and get promoted to judge in courts.

You may also work as a legal advisor in firms, private companies, and banks to work on routine legal matters. Apart from this, you can choose to teach with your law academic abilities. You may impart your skills and perception as a lawyer to young minds. Another excellent job option is legal outsourcing if you practice for a firm with a legal outsource status.

different-types-of-lawyers
Election Fraud, Source: Unsplash

Furthermore, you can work with private companies and help them make legal decisions. You may also assist with business decisions, so the company is not under any possible lawsuits. If you have a flair for writing content, you can publish books and journals on various law subjects. This will help students seek guidance from a professional.

Study Law with Superprof

Getting a law degree is challenging as you need to study a vast amount of syllabus. Moreover, you need to graduate from a prestigious institute to work in the top firms in the country. Now that you know about the different types of lawyers, you may find it easy to pick a speciality to study.

Register for free on the Superprof website to find the best teacher who knows the real laws and will help you prepare for bar exams and interviews. The private lessons are conducted online and can be scheduled at any time. Moreover, you can discuss your doubts about legal terms and common laws.

The first class on the platform is free for you to get familiar with the teaching method and the teacher. With the help of a professional, you will be able to ace your legal studies and become a successful lawyer.

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