You may be aware of some of the common legal terms from your favourite law and order television series. These terms are essential if you wish to read a court document. Besides, these are even more crucial if you wish to pursue a career as a lawyer.

There is a large glossary of legal terms that one needs to learn about for every day as well as specific functions. It may be impossible to understand what actually goes inside a courtroom and court cases if you are not aware of lawyer lingo. Some of these terms are specific, while some are very common such as affidavit, appeal, suit, appeal, issue notice, attestation, and more.

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Books with Tea Cup, Source: Pixabay

Moreover, some terms may be in the regional or national language. On the other hand, some terms may be a derivative of other languages. It takes a lot of memorization and patience for a law student to actually remember all the terms. But is it not impossible as they are in this for a long time.

Along with learning the legal terms, you may find it helpful to enrol in classes to brush your law knowledge. This will help you stand out from the rest with the right information on real property, court orders, plaintiff, dispute resolution, high court legal proceedings, and Supreme Court proceedings. Keep reading to find more.

In this article, we're discussing the most common legal terms that a common man, woman, entrepreneur, and business owner must know. With the knowledge of these terms and understanding their implication, anyone can comprehend legal matters.

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We have compiled a list of crucial legal jargon that you can use in your vocabulary. This list is for any person who deals with legal case parties at any level. In fact, one should know the difference between the plaintiff, witness, and debtor to ace the law department. These basic terms are the very essence of law, court cases and judgment given by the high court, the lower court, trial court or Supreme Court.

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Affidavit

An affidavit is a written statement by any party in the presence of a notary public or an oath commissioner. These are used as a piece of evidence in court proceedings and cases. Moreover, an affidavit is a part of a legal proceeding reply to a petition filed by a respondent. This is also known as counter-affidavit. The petitioner replies to this with a rejoinder affidavit.

Appeals

Appeals are legal proceedings in which a case is presented in front of the high court to reconsider the lower court.

Appearance

The term Appearance implies the coming into the court by a party in the form of a person or an attorney.

Appellant

A person who applies for a reversal of the decision in the high court case is known as an appellant. It is applied to challenge the decision that is made by the lower court.

Arbitration

The method of two parties to come to the resolution of a dispute is called arbitration. It is done in private without going to court.

Arrears

According to the 245th Law Commission report, the cases take a long time for obvious reasons. These cases are referred to as arrears.

Attestation

It is to authenticate legally any document with the help of the signature of an authorized person. This person could be a class 1 officer, notary public, or an oaths commissioner.

Backlog

Sometimes the disposal of old cases is lower than the registration of new cases in the court. In the meantime, the number of cases increases. The difference between the institution of new cases and the cases for disposal is known as backlog.

glossary-of-legal-terms
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This figure is a certain representation of the number of court proceedings that are accumulated. It reflects the legal contract order system’s inability to dispose of cases with regular action.

Case Number

It is a unique number for each case which contains few components. This includes case type, the number, and the year of the process.

Case Status

This represents the status of the case that is within the process of the court.

Cause List

A list that is issued by the registry to be heard by the judge any day. The number of court halls, benches and the position of the process matter is on this list. A person can find this list in the printed form or on the website of several courts.

Cause of Action

The cause of action is defined by the factual allegation of the plaintiff in the complaint. This pleading initiates the lawsuit in the court hearing.

Civil Procedure Code

It is the contract codified proceeding related to the law administration.

Civil

It is the part of law containing a contract, business, domestic relation, injury, negligence, and any other legal issues. One can file a case that is not in criminal law in negligence and injury under this.

Complaint

It is a claim from a person as a base to state his case in the court. Moreover, it may contain evidence from the injury or negligence during the action.

Criminal Procedure Code.

A criminal procedure court is the main legislature that deals with the criminal laws in the country.

Delay

The case that has been longer than usual in the judiciary judgment system refers to the delay. This may be because of the lack of evidence, action, plaintiff, claim, or document in the court.

Dispute

It is the conflict of claims or rights in the litigation. It may usually be about the property, estate, or money.

Fundamental Rights

This is the charter of rights in the constitution of India. These are the fundamental agreement obligations of the state to the people in the constitution.

Indian Penal Code

It is the criminal code of the country that dictates the term of all substantive criminal law.

Issue notice

A court notice may be sent via an attorney when the court decides to consider a case. It is a way to ask the responder to explain the lawsuit or case to the courts. Moreover, it may contain details such as family matters, child custody, and hearing date for the next meeting. Usually, if the defendant does not appear in court, the jury may proceed ex parte.

Judge

Judge is the part of the jury as an authorized official to hear and make a decision over a crime, child custody, money, injury, negligence, power of attorney, or estate property disputes.

Jurisdiction

This is the area of authority of the lower court for proceeding of the document, parties, legal witness, lawsuits, and usually civil act agreement.

Legislative Assembly

The legislative assembly of the country is usually the state government branch.

Order

An order is the direction of the court or jury that is usually made in writing during the process of any case.

Petition

It is a formal written request that is presented in front of the jury.

Petitioner

It is the part that presents a petition in the court.

Plaintiff

The plaintiff is the party/parties that starts the lawsuit in front of the law.

Procedural

These are the judicial laws of the court that are the right steps to be considered in a trial of crime. The laws give a certain decision towards the fate of civil lawsuit, criminal lawsuit, or child attorney trial. This may differ depending upon the damages and state court.

Special Courts

These are the special jury branches of the government that usually address one part of the law, such as child and family cases, negligence, injury, or fast track attorney cases.

Suit

A suit is a civil action that is brought by a party or parties against another in a court of law.

Writs

It is the formal written order usually issued by the court asking the defendant to refrain from a specific act.

You may take your law studies to another with the help of online resources such as Legally India. The website has a daily feed including the corporate advisory, court cases, and judgements. You can also learn these from the best law firms in India.

Now that you are familiar with all major glossary of legal terms, it is time you take a step forward. Apart from legal terms, court proceedings and criminal cases are more complicated. You may need to understand how legal proceedings work in a trial court, appellate court, Supreme Court, and high court. Each dispute resolution at any level is more than just some legal terms and common law.

Any term used may imply something different depending upon the context of the court case and court decision. Therefore, you need to learn from a professional so that you score well in your exams. Superprof is a website with a community of experienced tutors in law court practice and studies.

With a professional teacher, you can learn all about civil parties, plaintiff, party documents, witness, rights, and lawsuit cases. Moreover, you can ask doubts about agreement, judgement, and cases from this teacher. You just have to register to start looking for a suitable teacher on the platform. Reach them via inbox and discuss all the syllabus you need to cover in the class.

The best part is the free demo class trial, where you do not need to pay for the first session. It will help when you are trying to learn the teaching method of an individual. A professional will teach you real-life case examples for better understanding and help you with written tests too. You would be lucky if you could find any person with pro bono work.

Lastly, learning in the online class is similar to learning in conventional methods. Moreover, you do not need to leave the comfort of your home to converse with the teacher face to face.

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