The legal profession in India is looked upon with a degree of reverence because lawyers are considered the upholders of the Constitution and guardians of a venerable yet modernized legal system. Broadly classified, the law in India is categorized into these specific areas: civil, criminal, tax, constitutional, real estate, international, patent/copyright, labor, and family law.
India's diversity and multicultural ethos have ensured that the common law, modeled on the English common law system, is complemented by personal law codes applying to religious groups (Hindus, Muslims, and Christians). The highest court in India is the Supreme Court which comprises 30 associate justices and one chief justice. The Supreme Court hears cases that have emerged unresolved from the lower courts.
Studying Law in India
The Bar Council of India is the regulatory body overseeing law degree requirements with provisions for students to enroll in one of two kinds of graduate courses: three years of study following graduation from an undergraduate law program (bachelor degree and master's degree) or five years of integrated course study that eventually earns the student a degree "with honors" and a prestigious degree in law.
The Bar Council of India sets the norms for recognizing those law schools and universities qualified to award law degrees. Graduates of legal programs offered by recognized higher education institutions are allowed to register as a Bar Council advocate while law graduates already registered with the Bar Council can practice in any Indian court of law.
The fees charged by public law education institutes and universities in India are substantially less than private law schools in India. Graduate law students often work part-time in law firms to gain experience in their field of study.
A Career in Law
There is a huge demand for lawyers specializing in investment and asset law in India due to India's growing economy. Indian law firms frequently visit law schools to scout for exceptional talent by asking to speak to the brightest students about possible future employment with their firm.
Students interested in eventually working as counsel for the Indian government may try getting hired by the Indian Legal Services by taking a Union Public Service Commission examination. Job opportunities in the government law sector include law officer, deputy legal advisor, assistant advisor, or legal advisor.
Top Law Colleges in Mumbai
Whether you are looking for a bachelor's degree in law or a correspondence diploma course, Mumbai offers some of the best destinations for pursuing academic study of law, including the Government Law College of Mumbai. Students can also choose from a number of prestigious private law colleges in Mumbai.
Jitendra Chauhan Law College
Established in the year 1977, the college has a 42-years history of achievements and growth in terms of rendering quality education. The college also organizes various Moot Court Competitions to enhance the ability of students by providing them exposure to practical aspects of the legal profession. It invites eminent judges and legal professionals to judge the competitions. The college also encourages students to participate in various activities including project management, visits to jails/courts, etc. The College Library, with its vast collection of books, journals, and online journals keeps students and staff updated. The college students are provided on-campus recruitment where top law firms, corporate and counsels are invited to recruit students.
The College admits students for the following courses of the University of Mumbai:
- LL.B. Degree (General) (Two Year Course)
- LL.B. Degree (Three Year Course)
The course of the LL.B. (General) is of two years duration and that of the LL.B. Degree is of three years duration. The first two years of the LL.B. Degree course are identical to those of the LL.B. (General) course. The holder of only LL.B. (General) is not entitled to enroll as an Advocate with the Bar Council.
Rizvi Law College
Government Law College
Government Law College (GLC), established in 1855, is the oldest Law College in Asia, with an unparalleled reputation for excellence in the field of legal education. GLC offers two courses in law:
- Three-year law degree course
- Five-year law degree course
- Postgraduate Diploma Course in Securities Law (1 year)
- Postgraduate Certificate Course in Human Rights (3 months)
- Postgraduate Diploma in Intellectual Property Rights (1 year)
- Diploma in Cyber Law (in association with the Asian School of Cyber Law)
Kirit P. Mehta School of Law, NMIMS
The Kirit P. Mehta School of Law (SOL) of SVKM’s NMIMS (Deemed-to-be-University) was established in the year 2013. It is approved by the Bar Council of India and is a harbinger of quality legal education. The School is equipped with state-of-the-art infrastructure, including well-equipped library facilities, online databases, and e-learning modules. The Wi-Fi-enabled campus allows students access to resource materials on the go. The campus also boasts of additional student facilities such as Seminar Halls, Moot Courtroom, Computer Lab, and English Digital Language Lab. The School has a fully functional Legal Aid Clinic and Placement Support Team to make students world-ready.
Classrooms are fully equipped with LCD projectors and similar ICT tools for an interactive learning experience.
The B.B.A. L.L.B course at NMIMS School of Law is designed to enable law students to specialize in Management studies along with legal education. Subjects include Human Resource Management, Accounting, Statistics and their influence and interdependence on Law. Students can also avail courses on Critical Thinking, Legal Writing, Moot Court Internship and Professional Ethics. Selective foreign languages are also taught to give learners an edge over others for their international outreach and business.
Learners, interested in pursuing the five-year L.L.B (Hons.) program, must fulfill the following eligibility criteria:
- The candidate should have passed the 12th Standard examination conducted by a recognized Board/ University (minimum 50% in examinations).
- NMIMS-LAT Score
- CLAT Score
- LSAT Score
Kishinchand Chellaram Law College
The College offers a 3-year LL.B. degree course. The course consists of 6 semesters. On the successful completion of the 3-year course, the student is eligible for the LL.B degree awarded by the University of Mumbai. If a student desires to pursue the study of law for the sake of pure knowledge but does not wish to practice as an advocate, he is eligible for the LL.B (General) Degree at the end of the 2nd year of the 3-year LL.B Course.
A candidate passing the MH-CET examination and the Graduation Examination of the Mumbai University, in any faculty with a minimum of 45% marks or a corresponding degree examination of any other University recognized as equivalent thereto by Mumbai University with the minimum prescribed marks is eligible for admission to the First Year LL.B.