If we desire respect for the law, then we must make the law respectable - Louis D. Brandeis
Lawyers are representatives of the law of a country. It is their job to uphold the law. Not only that. It is important for lawyers to safeguard both national and personal interests while doing their jobs. And this is what makes this profession so difficult. Although from the outside, it might seem all glamorous and fancy. From the inside, it is tough and would require your all to make it work. Starting with the CLAT exam.
The CLAT or Common Law Admission Test is a national-level exam taken by candidates who aspire to pursue law as a profession. Thousands of university students attempt this exam every year, but only a few make it. The competition is very high and it will test your grit and determination. And it is such to help you decide whether becoming a lawyer is at all you appetite or not. But don't worry. Superprof has brought to you this article to help you with a few tried and tested tips to prepare well for the CLAT exam, know all about CLAT 2020 and the overall CLAT syllabus.
If you qualify in the CLAT, you can get admission to any of the National Law Universities in India. To take the examination, you should have completed your Higher Secondary level to gain admission in any UG or PG programs. The CLAT can only be take by Indian nationals or NRIs. For foreign nationals, the decision rests with the respective NLU (National Law University), who may or may not offer international seats.
Important Facts About CLAT Exam
CLAT is the acronym for Common Law Admissions Test, an law entrance exam conducted at an all-India level by the National Law Schools or Universities to admit candidates into their undergraduate or post-graduate programs (llb or llm). Depending on the seniority of the university, the responsibility is rotated amongst the NLUs to conduct the exam each year.
NLUs Enlisted in the CLAT Consortium
Only those universities that form the CLAT consortium are authorized to conduct the exam, issue the CLAT exam application form, issue an online admit card, prepare questions and declare results. Here is the full list of the 22 participating NLUS-
- National Law School of India University, Bangalore (NLSIU)
- NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad (NALSAR)
- National Law Institute University, Bhopal (NLIU)
- The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata (WBNUJS)
- National Law University, Jodhpur (NLUJ)
- Hidayatullah National Law University, Raipur (HNLU)
- Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar (GNLU)
- Dr. Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University, Lucknow (RMLNLU)
- Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Patiala (RGNUL)
- Chanakya National Law University, Patna (CNLU)
- National University of Advanced Legal Studies, Kochi (NUALS)
- National Law University, Orissa (NLUO)
- National University of Study & Research in Law, Ranchi (NUSRL)
- National Law University & Judicial Academy, Assam (NLUJA)
- Damodaram Sanjivayya National Law University, Visakhapatnam (DSNLU)
- The Tamil Nadu National Law School, Tiruchirappalli (TNNLS)
- Maharashtra National Law University, Mumbai
- Maharashtra National Law University, Nagpur
- Maharashtra National Law University, Aurangabad
- HP National Law University, Shimla
- Dharmashastra National Law University, Jabalpur
- DR.B.R.Ambedkar National Law University, Haryana
Check Your Eligibility
Once you have decided to take the CLAT, be sure to tick off all the eligibility criteria that include:
- 45% score in Higher Secondary exams.
- Mandatory passing of the qualifier. For example, if you were to appear for the CLAT 2020, you would have to furnish evidence of your passing the qualifying exam in March/April, 2020.
- No upper age limit for candidates.
- Proof of score in qualifying exam at the time of admission to the course.
- In case of a tie, preference will be given to those with
- higher marks in the legal aptitude section.
- higher age.
- Computerized lottery.
The CLAT 2021 will be held in June, 2021
The CLAT Consortium
If you are asking yourself the question about who or what this CLAT consortium is all about, here is the simple answer. It is the most important thing you need to know when it comes to your application process as a lawyer or if you want to apply to any of the top universities as a law candidate,
Put simply, the consortium is nothing but the consortium of NLUs, which is the apex body for conducting the national-level law entrance exam, the CLAT. The consortium has its head office in the state of Karnataka, Bengaluru, and the governing body is constituted by the Vice-Chancellors of all the 22 participating NLUs listed above. This list is changed every year and the governing body is responsible for announcing the list online to let candidates know about the organizing members of CLAT exam for that year. For CLAT 2021, the governing body includes,
- Convener of CLAT- Vijender Kumar, VC of MNLU, Nagpur
- President of CLAT- Faizan Mustafa, VC of NALSAR, Hyderabad
- Vice-President of CLAT- Poonam Saxena, VC of NLU Jodhpur
Background & Context
The CLAT consortium was established in the year 2017 on August 19. Its main purpose was envisaged as improving the standard of legal education in India and of course, to bring efficiency and better management to the conducting of the CLAT. The founding members of the NLUs Consortium were 16 which has now grown to 22. At present, almost all the NLUs in India are participating members of the CLAT consortium except for NLU Delhi that conducts its independent entrance exam called the AILET or All India Law Entrance Test.
CLAT Syllabus- What to Expect?
The CLAT syllabus gives a candidate a brief overview of each section that will be presented during the exam.
One must admit that without a good hold on the English language, or any language, a lawyer is only as good as his theories. So, this section tests the abilities of candidates based on the following-
- Understanding, comprehension, and summarizing.
- Using analysis to derive conclusions and inferences.
- Contrasting and comparing various arguments.
- Comprehending different meaning of words and phrases and contextualizing them.
CLAT Current Affairs
The main areas included in this section of the exam are-
- Contemporary and significant events in India and the world.
- Arts and culture.
- Historical events that continue to impact the country.
- International affairs.
CLAT Legal Reasoning
This is the most important section of the question paper where a candidate needs to,
- Identify and infer the legal issues and rules.
- Apply the identified rules to various contexts.
- Explain how changing the rules may also change their application.
CLAT Legal Reasoning Syllabus 2021
The word count for the passages included in this section is also 450 words. These passages will relate to factual events or scenarios which involve legal solutions, public policy questions, or moral philosophical inquiries. You needn't be well versed with legal terminology for this section. It will be an advantage if you have a general awareness of contemporary legal and moral issues to easily apply them to the given scenarios.
CLAT Logical Reasoning
This segment of the question paper has more objective types questions than any other section, where you need to,
- Read and identify an argument, its premises, and make inferences.
- Critically analyze reasoning patters.
- Asses the interlinkage of patterns and premises.
- Infer the objectives of a situation presented to you and apply the inferences to similar situations.
How to Prepare for CLAT?
Various colleges and universities have come forward and considered the current pandemic situation to push forward the date for CLAT 2021, giving candidates a much-needed relief and more time to prepare. Here are a few useful tips to help you score better marks in the upcoming CLAT exam.
Information on the Question Paper, Eligibility, Admit Card, and CLAT Result
- For CLAT 2021, you can expect a departure from the direct question pattern in the English language section, especially questions on synonyms and general vocabulary.
- To best prepare for the Current Affairs, Legal and Logical Reasoning sections, it is best to follow the Class XII syllabus.
- Candidates should follow the Class X curriculum for the Quantitative Aptitude section.
- Candidates who qualify and secure the cut off marks will be evaluated by the assessors on each question and each section.
- For llm, the cut off if 40%, while for llb, it is 45%.
CLAT is no walk in the park. The question papers are know to intimidate candidates. And the exam preparation is also not a cakewalk. It require planning, scheduling, and persistence. It is useful and advisable for candidates to refer to study materials, solve question papers from previous years and appear for mock exams. You can easily access sample test papers online for CLAT preparation.
Most importantly, learn time management. As with any other competitive exam, time is of essence in CLAT exam. There are guidelines available for the CLAT exam preparation that you must study thoroughly to ensure you leave no stone unturned. And remember,
Don't study until you get it right, study until you don't get it wrong - Anonymous.
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