Taco Bell is known for introducing New Mexican meals in India. Their Mexican-style menu has different tortilla chips, tacos, and nachos, along with salsa sauces. If you aren’t native to Mexico, you will not realize the taste difference between the authentic Mexican and the food recipes that are derivative of the cuisine.

Moreover, the rich black and red bean curries and sauces use native ingredients hard to procure in some places. So, the derived Mexico-based food items are sometimes made from package ingredients. However, this may be changed with an in-depth knowledge of the Mexican native ingredients such as avocado, corn, chillies, cream, refried beans, chicken, and enchiladas.

The traditional Mexican food list is healthy and full of flavours combined with some quick, easy ingredients. The use of fresh tomatoes, onions, chilli, pepper, and avocado in the dips is essential to the cuisines. It adds a wholesome texture to the salsa and sauce. Furthermore, the recipes use a lot of corn-based tortillas and nacho chips. Tacos are made from corn tortillas that are either soft or cooked to a crispy texture.

Some other staple ingredients of the Mexican dishes are beans, chia, tomatillos, cacao, vanilla, agave, turkey, sweet potato, spirulina, amaranth, and cactus. These ingredients are a part of traditional Mexican dishes, which are heavily inspired by the Aztec empire. Some of the best Mexican food include corn tortillas and salsa verde as a simple option. 

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Mexican Food List: Staples of the Cuisine

Mexico has hundreds of corn varieties that have different colours, shapes, and sizes. Keep reading to know more details about the main ingredients of the cuisine and how they are used in variations. 

mexican-food-list
Baked Flatbread, Source: Unsplash

Maize: MVP of Mexican Food

Mexican recipes depend on corn the most. The food will be incomplete without this one ingredient. Historians believe that the native started the cultivation of corn around 9,000 years ago. The stalky corn plant has been providing nutrition to the Mexicans for centuries now. Corn cob is a healthy energy source as it is rich in fibre, antioxidants, and other vitamins and minerals. 

Over these years, the Mayas and Aztecs found a way to produce multiple corn cobs on a single tall plant. This transformed corn production all over the region. For instance, cornflour is used in making tortillas known as blandas. Other dishes such as atole, tostadas, gorditas, quesadillas, chilaquiles, enchiladas, chalupas, tacos, tortilla chips, and tamales are made of maize as the main constituent.

Apart from consuming corn in food, it is also consumed as a drink. This drink recipe is called atole and comes from the Meso-American period of Mexico. It is made using hot corn, masa, cane sugar, cinnamon, vanilla, and chocolate. Additionally, it also contains fruits, and the masa is corn flour that is treated through nixtamalization. 

This drink is mostly made during the Christmas holiday season for breakfast. As corn is such a huge part of the meal for Latinos, they celebrate the Day of Maize every year to be thankful.

Guacamole: A Multipurpose Treat

Guacamole is the holy constituent of so many dishes. It is great with tortilla chips, nachos, rice, beans, and as a dip. Besides, you may use it as a base for beef tacos and sandwiches. This is one recipe dip that can be used with anything at home. You can make it with fresh avocado, some cilantro, tomatoes, and onions. Add some drops of lime juice for a tangy flavour along with chilli powder and salt.

For other Mexican food recipes, you may change the composition for it to be on the sweeter or tangy side. The sauce is thick in texture from the ripe avocado, so it is a perfect dip and spread for tortillas. To make the perfect Guacamole, you need to ensure that the tomatoes are diced and deseeded so that the texture remains the same throughout.

Its fresh ingredients are essential in making it the world’s best dip. Especially the US consumption of guacamole is massive due to several Mexican street food outlets and restaurants. Now, let’s take a look at other Mexican sauces made from traditional recipes. 

Different Mole Sauces

Mole is used for several traditional sauces that have been in the Mexican culture for ages. It is the main constituent of regional cuisines such as the creators of moles, Puebla and Oaxaca. These Southern regions have contributed solely to different mole recipes with twenty main constituents. Some of these are chilli peppers and chocolate.

mexican-food-list
Man Picking Food, Source: Unsplash

Chocolate is added to improve the softness of the spiciness of the chillies. However, it is not the dominant flavour of the mole. Mole sauces are dark in colour and served with meat cuts and beef. Moreover, these are saved for special occasions such as birthdays, weddings, baptisms, and Christmas parties. People also serve it for the Cinco de Mayo celebrations.

Another type of mole negro is the native favourite to Poblano. It is made using hoja santa, which is an aromatic herb in the region. However, it is not easy to make, and only accomplished chefs can make it. Besides, try the mole recipe with different types of meat and beef or on the side of veggies as a healthier option.

Pozole: A Holy and Filling Soup

The pozole soup has a holy significance to the Mexicans as it was used in human sacrifice rituals. Nowadays, it is a simple corns based soup dish that people make on occasions like Mexico Independence Day or New Year's Day. White pozole does not add salsa to it. The red pozole has a sauce made of epazote, cilantro, pepitas, jalapeños, and tomatillos. 

The pozole soup is served with fresh condiments such as lettuce, sliced avocado, radish, cabbage, oregano, onion, and chiles. These are optional recipe ideas that one makes choose to skip. You may add other side dishes of beef, chicken, pork, and rice to the food options, along with the healthy and wholesome soup. 

Pico de gallo: Mexican Salsa

This is another favourite sauce dip for many people. It goes great with nachos and tortilla chips. Salsa also came from the Incas, Aztecs, and Mayans. Natively, it was created using squash seeds, chilli, and tomatoes. It was officially discovered in Mexico in the 1500s.

The most famous salsa is the salsa cruda and salsa Fresca among the native Mexico population. It is made using various condiments for chips and food spreads. Moreover, it may be cooked or raw and then cooled down to serve at room temperature. Salsa goes well with other delicious Mexican food list constituents such as red and black beans, tortillas, soup, broths, and saucy meat dishes. 

mexican-food-list
Mexican Food, Source: Unsplash

To make the perfect salsa, you need tomatoes, peppers, lime, and onions. Pulse these quickly for five seconds, and then add garlic, cilantro, and bouillon. Now, pulse the mixture for fifteen seconds for the blend to be a little chunky. Pour this into a large bowl and refrigerate it to serve with tortilla chips.

This recipe is quick, easy to make at home and store for use whenever you are snacking on baked chips and tortillas. You can make this dish in advance if you have people coming over for food later. Dips like this are ideal for fresh and healthy snacks at home. You may add green chillies to make this spicy and pour over refried beans.

The best way to eat salsa is to use it as a dip or pour it on tortilla chips. Add lots of cheese to the chips and enjoy the delicious mix.

Learn how to cook Mexican food on Superprof

Have you ever wondered how to cook authentic Mexican meals at home? Hire a private tutor to learn from the comfort of your kitchen. If you know how to cook Indian food, you’re halfway there. As mentioned above, it is quite similar to Indian cuisine; therefore, it will be easier to master.

You can register on the website for free and look for a chef to teach you the recipes of tacos, guacamole, enchiladas, nachos, and sauces. The precise amount of ingredients is the key to master Mexican food recipes. You can contact the teacher via inbox and schedule the first free demo class.

In a few classes, you will be able to cook all the recipes from your Mexican food list. You can impress your friends and family at home with this newfound passion for authentic cuisine from Mexico. The face-to-face webcam classes will help you understand all the ingredients that are used, such as veggies, beef, chicken, chillies, peppers, and corn.

The best thing about these classes is that you pay on an hourly basis. Hence, it helps in saving time and is easy on the pocket. You can find classes for Mexican food in Chennai, Delhi, and any region of the country. All you require are fresh ingredients for the food to get started with the lessons online.

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Navkiran