Do you look left and right before crossing the road? Do you pay for everything you like? Do you try and maintain and follow contractual terms and conditions with your business partner? Well, if your answer to all these questions is yes, congratulations you are successfully supporting the legal system of India.
The legal system of any country is responsible to educate its citizens on the general behavioural code of conduct that needs to be a regular practice in the country. All laws and regulations imposed in the country are backed up by the higher power of the state legislatures, making it all the more crucial to follow.
In order to succeed at law, you need to first be a responsible law-abiding citizen yourself and next to understand the importance of law for any country. As per the law teachers in India, there are approximately 1250 different sub-categories of laws that, at present, control the functional aspect of the country.
In order to better understand how law functions and what are the different types of laws in India, there are several universities, colleges and law schools all around India that offer LLB and LLM courses. Additionally, law classes today encourage law students to take up short foundation courses online rather than enrolling in a long-term academic year of law studies.
There are also different short diploma and certificate courses that can help aspiring law students understand where their true interest lies. Once you realize your true calling, you can start shortlisting the law school of your choice and pave your path to law success.
What Are The Type Of Laws In India?
For a country as huge as India with a dense population, laws are known to be the controllers who reduce or eliminate the chance of injustice to anyone. But what are the type of laws in India?
Out of the different subcategories of different laws, there are four main types of laws in India that, even though have a separate identity and function of their own, are still well-connected and indirectly dependent on each other.
Every fourth student in a batch of twenty chooses to pursue their law specialization degree in criminal law. The main idea behind the functioning of criminal law is to deal with criminal offence cases against an individual, a group or the entire nation. The crimes can include fraud, assaults, terrorist plotting, etc.
Common law is also in some parts of India is known as case law. The main idea we have about the functioning of common law is to follow the precedent decisions or judgments passed by a judge for a certain kind of case and announcing the same judgments for all future cases of similar nature. A judge’s decision/judgment is the final rule.
This type of law directly deals with cases that are non-criminal in nature. The main responsibility under this law is to supervise and reduce disputes or disagreements between individual parties or groups, with the help of monetary compensation. The main agenda is to solve the dispute instead of punishing the offender. Under civil law, there are multiple other subcategories and they include, family law, media law, intellectual property law, tort law, contract law, environmental law, international laws, etc.
The type of law is directly related to the way people act. The government is responsible to impose and regulate the behaviour of the people in their day-to-day lives. The procedure that is followed for statutory law is to understand the need of the case at hand, sending a bill proposal into the legislation and then finally getting it signed by the head Governor/executive to make it an act or added to the existing acts through amendments.
Altogether, these four different types of laws in the Indian constitution create a balance in the society by controlling and disciplining the citizens of the country and resolving any potential disputes before they get out of hand.
How Much Are Law Professors Paid?
Just like any other job, the pay for the law professors in India also includes different other factors like housing cost, conveyance costs, special allowances, etc. According to current statistics-
- the minimum basic salary is INR 23,000 per month (approx.)
- the maximum is INR 57,000 per month (approx.)
This price range between the minimum and the maximum pay per month is determined on the basis of your law qualifications, the number of years’ worth of experience, the specialization, etc.
However, a law professor is not limited to just teaching, as any law professor in India, today is allowed to practice law on the side as part of the Advocates Act of 1961, to polish and develop other qualities for career growth in the future years. Even the legal system believes that in order to fully understand the law and to impart knowledge, law professors need to work on the practical aspect of the field by applying their knowledge while practising law on the side.
Additionally, more practical applicability will help keep the law students interested in the subject. Most give-and-take relations as the law professors today hold the potential of becoming the lawyers of the future. Similarly, the current lawyers can impart their practical knowledge by teaching aspiring law students about the basics and benefits of practising law.
Just like how education never ends and the quenching thirst for knowledge is never fulfilled, similarly, the opportunities for law professors are no longer limited to law schools and colleges alone and they can explore further and outward.
Upcoming Clat Exam Date 2021
In order to succeed in law school, every student has to clear a law examination entrance test that acts as a qualifying law degree factor for law colleges, law universities and law schools all around India. The National Law University of India has 22 different branches spread out in the entire country and in order to qualify as an applicant to any of these universities, you need to ace the CLAT exam.
The current situation of Covid has negatively impacted the CLAT exam date 2021 as well with multiple postpones and uncertainty or no confirmation about the final date till now.
As of now, the finalized CLAT exam date 2021 is 13th June. However, this date is not 100% confirmed still, given the sudden spike in the number of Covid cases in India again.
The application and registration process started off in the first week of January 2021 and is set to end by 30 April 2021 maximum. Final results on the merit list of CLAT exam 2021 will be out within a week of the final exam date which is 13 June 2021 for now.
Other Frequently Asked Questions
Common FAQs about CLAT include the application fee amount of CLAT which ranges between INR 3500 to INR 4500.
Another common FAQ is how to apply for CLAT. Well, with the advent of online education, anyone can apply it using the internet. Last from the list is the English requirements for CLAT 2021 and the answer is a beginner to intermediate level as English reading comprehension and writing is an essential module of the CLAT exam pattern.
Finding Online Law Classes and Professors
It is no surprise that last year has greatly affected the education sector as the majority of the institutions, universities, colleges, schools and coaching centres have shut their operations down due to the pandemic. So, if you are worried about how to continue with your academic year while maintaining social distance and being restricted in your homes, you can take online law classes.
Online law classes do not mean enrollment in your current legal studies or repeating an academy year, it just means you can have additional help till the situation of the pandemic simmers down.
Online law classes can be of any nature and any kind including law classes on public international law, international human rights law, criminal law, short-term online chapters that can act as law school prep courses, etc. until the schools reopen. But now, another important question is where do we find online law classes or law tutors who can teach you online?
Superprof is an online service platform that enables students and teachers to connect and start working together for law school prep or for many subjects.
Law professors willing to provide online classes can make a profile on Superprof and add in their hours, weekly availability and law degree achievements. On the basis of that, students can reach out to the relevant professors for pre-sessional courses for quick bar exam course prep work before beginning their law schools again.
To conclude, the law as a subject has so much to offer and so many different mediums to help you reach your end goal. So, start your journey today with the help of multiple foundation courses that are available in India and build you way ahead if and when need be.