The Father of law in India is Ramakrishna Menon who also introduced the National Law school of India to encourage young and aspiring students to pursue their passion in a dedicated space.
The current law courses include classes on many different types of laws in India namely - criminal, common, statutory, labour laws, property law, business law, civil law, etc.
The first law to ever make its way in the Indian legal system was common law that came during the British rule, that is East India Company. The main reason why any country today imposes laws on its citizens is to ensure social justice for all. All different kinds of laws are made to ensure peace, preserve human rights, accelerate justice, provide protection to the minority against majority groups, resolve any conflicts, and overall provide a code of conduct for the country.
In order to learn more about the Indian constitution and the different laws, you can always find law classes around you or choose to go online for the same. Private law teachers can be considered in case of degree courses and in the preparation for CLAT.
What is Civil Law?
Civil law is known to be a codified set of rules and regulations that are binding in nature. Civil law in general deals with all cases where one individual causes harm or does wrong to another individual. Common civil law cases include negligent behaviour, death by murder, a breach of contractual terms and conditions, rape, assault, etc.
At present, there are four different branches under the umbrella of civil law in India. These branches are divided on the basis of the kind of cases each deals with. These are differentiated as follows-
This particular type of civil law looks into resolving matters between two individuals or an individual and a company together, on the basis of mutual agreement. The most common example of contract law is a contractual agreement case wherein two different parties sign off a contract that includes a set of certain rules and regulations to carry out business activities.
However, one of them, in pure greed, ends up violating the contract terms and conditions. In such cases, the contract law justifies the compensation that one party needs to pay to the other for final settlement.
It deals with property-related cases, both tangible and intangible like land, jewellery, assets, etc. as part of tangible property and intellectual property like stocks, bonds, business ideas, and proposals, etc. as part of intangible property. The main intention of imposing this law is to ensure that no property of an individual or business is taken over by the wrong means.
Just as the name suggests, it handles cases related to family concerns like child custody, childbirth and support, domestic violence, divorce, adoption, etc. The common decisions are taken by family law revolve around balancing out the differences between the family, Bring in mind the division of the case involved equally.
Law of Tort
The tort law looks at dealing with civil cases that involve injuries to or against individuals. The majority of the cases led under tort law include monitory compensation as the concluding decision to provide justice to the victim for the injuries caused.
The civil case hierarchy in India determines the seriousness of the case and accordingly judges the right court to appeal to for accurate and justified resolutions. For case-sensitive hearings, specific different small courts are operational in India starting from consumer courts, family courts, trial courts, etc. One step above these case-specific courts are called lower-level courts that look into cases that hold a monetary value of a maximum of 3 lakh.
Next on the hierarchy pyramid is district courts that look into resolving matters that hold a monetary value of more than 3 lakh but less than 20 lakh. The second highest in the high court that functions on a state level and handles all cases of monetary value above 20 lakh along with civil cases that cannot be concluded at the lower level courts before the high court.
The highest level in any civil court hearing is the Supreme Court as the decision taken by the Supreme court is binding to all and cannot be questioned. The Supreme Court holds the highest power in the hierarchy and any case, big or small, can be taken to the Supreme Court through the systematic procedure of passing each of the lower level courts first.
How To Become A Successful Civil Law Teacher In India?
Even though law education has seen a massive jump in the number of applicants in the last 2 to 3 years in India, one of the most demanded courses revolved around civil law. One of the major reasons behind this sudden increase of interest in civil law is the increased awareness amongst all the people in the country who want to fight for the rights and educate others for the same.
Now, in order to become a civil law teacher in India, you will require some basic eligibility credentials to get yourself up on the go. The eligibility criteria to become a civil law teacher in India includes the following:
- Enrol and achieve an undergraduate LLB degree as it sets the foundation to become a law teacher.
- Research and finalize your specialization in order to put in extra hours to increase your learning of the same.
- Choose the role you want to apply for as low faculty like a law professor, associate law professor, assistant law professor, substitute law professor, etc. As on basis of that, every law school has a different requirement.
- Additionally, along with the above requirements, it is very important for a new law teacher or professor to practice their learnings on a bigger scale and with high dedication to ensure efficient working.
The current trend in the market of online education can act as an added benefit for all law faculty, both new and old, as you not only get to practice but you also get good money in return. One way to do this is to sign up with Superprof to start online tutoring school students.
Superprof is an online platform that connects aspiring law students looking for learning opportunities, and for new and existing law teachers looking for other part-time jobs. All you need to do is make your online profile with Superprof and wait for the students to approach you.
Wondering The Scope Of Civil Law In India In 2021?
As civil law is majorly concerned with the citizens’ welfare, it is natural that in the year 2021, civil law as a specialized course under law degree will witness a lot of applications for enrolment as well as jobs.
But the real question is “is there any potential scope of civil law in India in 2021?”
As far as the growth in the legal studies for civil law is concerned, there is said to be a sudden rise. However, different possible job roles under civil law will no longer be limited to civil law professors only as these job roles are expected to increase in the next few months and some potential roles can include:
- An associate position in a law firm specializing in civil law with a minimum package of INR 13 - 19 lakh per annum.
- An employee of the public sector units that are directly involved with civil law with a minimum package of INR 3 - 5 lakh per annum.
- An assistant/associate civil law professor at a law school with a minimum package of INR 30,000 - 90,000 a month.
- Job as a civil law trial lawyer in lower courts as it is one of the highest paying jobs in India today with minimum pay of INR 8.25 - 25 lakh per case court hearing.
- An intellectual property lawyer with a minimum package of INR 50,000 to 70,000 a month.
Benefits Of Online Law Classes
The entire world today faces a challenging situation due to the ongoing pandemic. Due to this, major industries and business sectors have been impacted negatively and the education sector is no exception.
With almost a year of no continuous in-class lectures and endless postponing of examinations, the law students, as well as others, have been limited to their homes. This is where online law classes come in handy as there is no limitation to the amount of knowledge you can gain while sitting at home. The top benefits of online law classes are-
Convenient and Easy Accessibility
With students restricted to their homes provided the pandemic protocol, online education is a convenient and more accessible option. It is a boon not only for the urban but also for rural areas.
The online lesson offers you innumerable options, both paid and free to study and learn new things every day.
Better Focus and Improved Learning
Online education comes with multiple assessments and module-wise learning, which helps students stay focused while improving.
In online learning, students are given better attention. With the help of software, they are given feedback on their performance to help them improve.
Better Time Management
Unlike offline classes, online sessions can be scheduled and rescheduled according to one’s requirements. This helps students to manage their routine better.
It is very evident that the awareness in today’s generation is far more and so the ability of aspiring law students is higher, not only because of their increased passion for the subject but also because of the multiple options available.
India is full of renowned Law universities, colleges and school. These not only educate about the legal practices in India but also includes other international law courses to ensure every student can choose their specialization with ease. Additionally, one can always consider private tuition online to improve their learning pace.