Chemistry begins in the stars. The stars are the source of the chemical elements, which are the building blocks of matter and the core of our subject. - Peter Atkins
When we talk about the subject of chemistry, all we can picture is a lab with a lot of tubes filled with strange liquids and lab scientists wearing eye protection glasses and white coats. Nothing really makes sense, until you want them to. Chemistry is one of the most hated subjects for school-goers but only until your chemistry teacher successfully explains to you the importance of it.
Take chemistry scientists, for instance; do you think they haven’t struggled with the subject. Of course, they did. But how did they manage to overcome it? Or what made them score so well to become the scientists of the chemistry lab? Their attention to the subject has helped them gain such a brilliant career.
Before we proceed with the nitty-gritty of chemistry, let us rewind a little and see what are the inventions in chemistry by the scientists and known chemists.
Antoine Lavoisier (Antoine- Laurent de Lavoisier)
A French chemist, he is known as the father of modern chemistry. His contribution is remembered for both chemistry and biology. Some of his popular works include-
- Oxygen theory
- Nomenclature of chemicals
- Providing the concepts of stoichiometry
- The chemical revolution.
Many researchers have tried to present the elements and define their periodicity, including John Newlands, and Lothar Meyer. Until 1867, when Mendeleev was preparing a textbook on chemistry, he made periodic tables his most valuable discoveries. In fact, the Periodic Table was so perfect, it was a surprise for Mendeleev that the elements fell into the table in the right order.
Linus Carl Pauling
He is an American-based chemist, chemist engineer and biochemist. He won Nobel prizes for his chemistry work. Some of his contributions in the field include-
- Chemical bond and its nature
- Ionic crystals structures
- Work on biological molecules
- Worked for molecular genetics
- Work on Atomic Nucleus structure.
Besides being a renowned chemist, he was also a popular microbiologist and meteorologist. He identified colour blindness. His works include-
- Dalton’s Atomic Theory
- Dalton’s Atomic Weights
- Gas Laws
She was the first lady who won Nobel prizes for physics and then chemistry. She is known for her discoveries of radioactivity.
There is a lot to learn in chemistry, which makes the subject a versatile phenomenon. Further, with the works of the renowned chemists, the subject has been given a proper shape and it still holds a lot of discoverable facts, which is why it is one of the most indulging subjects as well.
What is Organic Chemistry?
As the term organic is used, one can easily understand the involvement of living organisms. However, the term organic in chemistry deals with carbon compounds. Organic chemistry can be defined as the study of carbon as well as the study of chemistry in life. It is the study of chemicals in the living organism.
Organic chemistry is important since it studies the chemical reactions related to life or living organisms. The study of organic chemistry is crucial for doctors, dentists, veterinarians, pharmacologists, chemical engineers, and chemists.
Organic chemistry is a broad science with key properties. These properties are produced by carbon elements and are known as carbon catenation. Carbon is an element that possesses the ability to form very stable bonds with other carbon atoms. Catenation is the ability of an element by which it forms a bond with an atom of the same kind.
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What is Inorganic Chemistry
The study of chemical compounds that do not have a carbon-hydrogen bond can be defined as inorganic chemistry. There are a large number of known inorganic compounds. Some of the popular examples of inorganic compounds are sodium chloride, silicon dioxide, sapphire, sulfuric acid, etc.
Inorganic chemistry can be classified as-
- Acids: When dissolved in water, these are the compounds that produce H+ ions. Most acids can be dissolved in water and are corrosive in nature.
- Bases: When dissolved in water, bases are the compounds that produce hydroxyl ions or OH-. Some common bases are calcium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, caustic lime, etc.
- Salts: The compounds that are produced as a reaction between an acid and the base. Thus, they can be described as the ionic compound which has been formed by contradictorily charged ions.
- Oxides: These are compounds containing at least one oxygen atom combined with another element.
Learn Chemistry: Career Prospects
Learning chemistry can be fun for those who love the subject. It studies the characteristics of the materials at the atomic and molecular levels. The industry attracts people who want to learn chemistry and are passionate about science and love to explore through the minutest details of organic and inorganic compounds.
The report (US Bureau of Labour Statistics, 2021) shows that between the years 2019 and 2029, the job for chemists and related fields is expected to increase by about 5%. This is due to the result of the study of the human genome, the development of new medications, the biotechnology industry, etc. are driving demand for chemists and chemical engineers.
The possible careers one can progress towards with chemistry are-
Becoming a chemist is the first option for many students who study chemistry at advanced levels. The job role includes laboratory experiments, research on existing chemicals, producing new products, etc.
The job role of the material scientist includes conducting research and analysis on both natural and artificial objects. As a result, they invent new materials or modify the existing ones.
They conduct research on the effects of existing and new medicines or pharmaceuticals on both animals and humans. They ensure the new materials are safe and in compliance with applicable laws and regulations.
Researcher (in chemistry)
This career option is not available for only the graduates. The field requires advanced education since researchers assist scientists or work with a team of other researchers to perform new experiments. They conduct qualitative and quantitative analyses of different materials, chemical compounds, etc.
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Chemists in Architecture, Engineering and Manufacturing Industries
Many chemists work in the field of architecture, engineering, and manufacturing industries either as researchers or lab associates. They can easily be found in the manufacturing of cosmetic industries.
Lab associates work with lab researchers and assist them in experiments of new materials or in the invention of the same.
Chemistry Teachers and Professors in Educational Institutes
An education sector is commonplace for all professionals, be it doctors, lawyers, researchers, scientists, engineers, etc. Those who have completed Masters or PhD in chemistry explore the education industry as teachers, lecturers and professors.
Famous Chemistry Scientist in India
India has a rich history of great experts, researchers, inventors and scholars. In addition to these, there are many popular chemistry scientists who made the country proud. Find the top names of a famous chemistry scientist in India-
Prafulla Chandra Roy
He is a popular academician, chemist and the founder of Bengal Chemicals & Pharmaceuticals. It stands as the first pharmaceutical company in India.
Satyendra Nath Bose
He is popular for Bose-Einstein Condensate (BEC), the fifth state of matter studied by Satyendra Nath, which was later predicted to be the fifth state of matter by Albert Einstein.
Har Gobind Khorana
He is known for demonstrating how the nucleotides in nucleic acid control protein synthesis. He won the Nobel Prize for this in 1968.
Chemistry is one of the most important parts of science. People pursuing medical, geography and physics in their advanced programs have chemistry as one of their subjects. Also, chemistry is important for the preparation for the NEET examination and candidates take special care of the subject to crack the exam.
Moreover, chemistry after class 12 and at the graduation level is different and difficult than the basics introduced in class 9 and class 10 syllabus of India. But it is recommended to be well-acquainted with the subject for all future references. This is why most of the students take special classes or private tuition in chemistry.
Also, you can check for the eligibility criteria to study chemistry in the graduation and post-graduation levels-
Eligibility for UG Courses in Chemistry
The eligibility criteria include qualifying 10+2 from a recognised board with a minimum of 50 marks in the qualifying examination.
Eligibility for PG Courses in Chemistry
The eligibility criteria include graduation in science from a recognised university with a minimum of 50-60% marks in the qualifying examination.
Eligibility for PhD Courses in Chemistry
The eligibility criteria include post-graduation in chemistry from a recognised university with a minimum of 60% marks in the qualifying examination.
Other Chemistry Courses
Apart from the reputed programs, candidates can also go for professional certifications such as degree courses, diploma, certificate courses and chemistry specialization in biochemistry, geochemistry, green chemistry, food technology, forensic, chemical engineering, etc.
If you seek additional guidance in chemistry, then you must look for the right mentor to guide you through the career path and help you prepare for the examination. You can easily find such tutors on Superprof, a platform that bridges the gap between students and teachers. Find the best chemistry tutor on Superprof today and start with your journey.
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