The CBSE Class 12 English Board Exam 2020 (Core & Elective) might be one of your easiest avenues to score high marks. In order to improve your English, focus on learning and adding new words to your English vocabulary, practice how to speak English fluently, get your grammar in order, including verb tenses, adjectives, prepositions, pronouns, practice reading, and writing. But, first, know your syllabus by heart!

Acing the Literature Section in English Class 12 Syllabus

Once students make it to the higher secondary schools, into Classes 11 and 12, they are expected to have acquired a reasonable degree of language proficiency, whether it is Urdu, Sanskrit, Hindi or English. The Class 12 English language and literature course is designed with the purpose of promoting higher-order language skills.

The Core Course in English, designed by the Central Board of Secondary Education in India (CBSE), and implemented through the prescription of NCERT books, aims to benefit both these groups by promoting the language skills required for academic study as well as the language skills required for the workplace.

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High school education is a stepping stone towards securing admission into colleges and universities | Source: Element5 Digital on Unsplash

The Anatomy of Literature

Figure out how to become a pro in writing an essay in English, with the necessary quotation and referencing from literary texts, and the application of basic grammar and composition rules. Finally, you must give yourself time to proofread what you have written.

Comprehension: The First Step

The first step towards successfully analyzing English literary texts is to simply read it once, or twice, with the express purpose of comprehending it.


Once you have comprehended the meaning of the text, as a whole, you will be ready to move on to the interpretation of the text. Essentially, this means, putting your creative and original hat on to fit in the pieces of the puzzle that are not explicitly stated. Examining things like mood and tone of a scene or character motivation in a specific moment, are useful ways to interpret a text.

Make Your Case

In the last stage of literary analysis, once the stages of story comprehension and personal interpretation have been cleared, put every bit of information together to prepare an analytical statement about the literary piece, as a whole. Remember, literary analysis is very subjective, meaning it depends on the worldviews of the reader. Therefore, there cannot be one right way of doing it or a correct answer to it.

Mastering Language Writing in the CBSE Class 12 English Syllabus

India is not an English speaking country. We don't normally come across a native English speaker easily. Most schools in the country prescribe English as a second language only.  Learning English and improving fluency in the language is still an urban, middle-class phenomenon. However, the enigmatic English language is slowly, but surely, beginning to break its stereotypes as more and more non-native speakers express their interest in speaking English fluently.

Improve Your Grammar

English grammar is critical to the quality of your writing. Not only should students pay close attention to the grammar lessons in school, but they should also learn grammar through regular practice at home. Proofreading what you have written is also a great way to ensure your grammar is in order.

Your understanding of basic grammar should be on a solid foundation before you can ace the writing part. The fundamentals of English grammar include verb and subject agreement, proper article and pronoun usage, and well-formed sentence structures.

Finally, in academic writing, the tone of voice is very important. Try to use the active voice instead of the passive. This will make your essay stronger in tone and your language concise.

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The rules of grammar are the building blocks of the English language | Source:

Mastery over English language skills has become a necessity to excel in academic as well as professional and social lives. English is also one of the two official languages used in the business of governance in India. It is an important means of communication as global language barriers are slowly coming down.

How to Use English Class 12 Notes for Effective Revision

English is a compulsory subject for students of all streams in Class 12 exams under the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) in India. Contrary to popular belief, it also happens to be one of the easiest subjects to prepare and score well in. It can help you boost the overall percentage of your final CGPA if prepared well.

Plan Your Study

Once the CBSE aspirants have gained knowledge of the syllabus, the revision plan can now become the focus of their attention. Here is how to arrange your revision notes according to the pattern of the question paper:

Topic-wise Marks Distribution

The CBSE exam paper design for English Core Class 12 carries a total of 100 marks, divided into the following sections of evaluation:

  1. Reading Comprehension - 30 marks
  2. Writing Skills - 30 marks
  3. Literature & Long Reading Text - 40 marks

Section A: Reading

Section A is designed to test the students' skills in comprehension, interpretation, and inference, along with vocabulary. This section contains two unseen passages with a variety of objective-type questions, including multiple-choice questions and short answer questions.

Reading books
Extensive reading practice, not only of the prescribed textbooks, but also other materials, is a great source of enriching your English language skills | Source: Sincerely Media on Unsplash

Section B: Writing Skills

  1. Advertisements and notices, designing or drafting posters, writing formal and informal invitations and replies. Students have to answer any one of the two Short Answer Questions - 4 Marks
  2. Letters based on verbal/visual input. Students have to answer any one out of the two Long Answer Questions (120-150 words) - 6 Marks
    • Business or official letters
    • Letters to the editor
  3. Two compositions based on visual and/or verbal input. The answer could be descriptive or argumentative in nature, such as an article/a debate/ a speech or a report. Students have to answers two very Long Answer Questions with internal choices (150-200 words) - 20 marks

Section C: Literature

  1. 8 Objective Type Questions – 4 from one poetry and 4 from one prose extract to test comprehension and appreciation. (8 Marks)
  2. 5 out of 7 Short Answer Questions based on prose/drama/poetry from both texts (10 Marks)
  3. 1 out of 2 Long Answer Questions to be answered in 120-150 words to test global comprehension and extrapolation beyond the texts. (6marks) (Flamingo)
  4. 1 out of 2 Long Answer Questions to be answered in 120-150 words to test global comprehension along with analysis and extrapolation. (6marks) (Vistas).

Memorize Class 12 English Summary with Sample Papers and Past Question Papers

The English language, be it in the form of a native language or a second language, has acquired global significance. Learning English includes proficiency over such skills as vocabulary, English grammar, English pronunciation, speaking skills, listening skills, reading skills, writing skills, general communication skills, and all other language skills that comprise a complete language course in English learning.

CBSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 12

In order to become a fluent English speaker and to possess English skills on the same level as a native English speaker, it is critical to have a solid foundation of English as a second language, especially in Class 12. The more you practice these question papers of Class 12, the more it will aid in improving your speed and accuracy of writing, focus on your weaknesses and decrease your propensity towards making mistakes.

Summary of Benefits of Solving CBSE Class 12 Previous Year Question Papers

Before we delve deeper into how revisions can be expedited with sample papers, here are some useful tips on the benefits of practicing the CBSE Question Papers for Class 12:

  1. They help in assessing the student's level of preparedness.
  2. They give students proper knowledge of the exam pattern and marking scheme.
  3. Students can focus on important topics, based on recurring themes in the sample and old papers, such as specific grammar lessons, or a particular style of literary analysis as demanded by the question paper.
  4. Improve time management skills during the exam.
  5. Improve and increase students' level of confidence.
A black and white image with the silhouettes of pupils looking at a chalkboard while a silhouette of a teacher talks with the word "language" written on the chalkboard. Learning Portuguese can take some time.
Language learning is a combination of literary writing, speaking and reading skills and a lot of work on grammar and vocabulary | Source

Exam Prep with Class 12 English Grammar Notes

The objectives of Class 12 English syllabus aid students to perceive the overall meaning and organization of the text, develop reasoning skills of reasoning and develop greater confidence and proficiency while learning a new language. The syllabus also stresses the importance of literary analysis and the use of originality and creativity in composition ideas.

Getting The Basics of Grammar Right

A fluent English speaker is usually someone who has his/ her grammar basics sorted. English learners, as well as those teaching English, must be aware of this reality as they try to spoken language skills. As you prepare for your CBSE Board exams, with the help of sample papers and past question papers, keep in mind the critical element of correct grammar to get you across the line.

The correct usage of grammar in English is an indication of how proficient you have become in the language. Examiners often look for this quality in your answer scripts, more than your ability to memorize answers. As such, English grammar is an indispensable as well as an inescapable part of your preparation for the big exams.

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Shreyanjana is an archaeologist who ironically finds the written word to be the most powerful means of storytelling. A travel buff and a photography enthusiast, she has been writing and sharing stories of all sorts ever since she can remember.