Teaching can be challenging and demanding. A good teacher is not only responsible for imparting subject knowledge to their students but also in shaping young minds into becoming responsible citizens and human beings. In other words, the job of a teacher is not just to attend to the academic development and excellence of students but also to contribute to their moral and emotional development.
Teacher training programs deliver generations of teachers, who in turn educate generations of pupils and students, who on their part, implement the knowledge and skills acquired during the rest of their lives.
It is not far from the truth when we state that there is a shortage of quality and qualified teachers in the country. While more and more students are entering Indian classrooms, the teacher to student ratio is deteriorating at an alarming rate! This has meant that the demand for teachers has considerably gone up in the country.
Teacher Training Courses in India
Teacher training in India is overseen and regulated by the National Council for Teacher Education. The Council is responsible for the creation and running of teaching courses, setting the eligibility criteria of teachers, and conducting qualifying exams for teachers. The most well-known teacher training courses can be categorized under a few heads, discussed in this blog.
BA + B.Ed. Integrated Course
As the title suggests, this is a combination program of Bachelor of Arts (BA) and Bachelor of Education (B.Ed) degrees. Students are free to select their preferable subjects based upon their personal teaching inclinations.
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The course spans across four years with the minimum qualifying criteria for it being 50% aggregate marks in the Class 12 board exams, along with English as one of the main subjects.
B.Sc and B.Ed Integrated Course
Another combination program of Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) and Bachelor of Education (B.Ed.) courses. Similar to the B.A. + B.Ed. course, one can choose their subjects of preference.
The course spans across four years with the minimum qualifying criteria for it being 50% aggregate marks in the Class 12 board exams (Science stream). A Doctorate in Education is eligible for direct admission into the second academic year of the integrated program.
A Diploma in Elementary Education is an elementary teacher training diploma certificate program spanning two years. A minimum of 50% aggregate marks in the Class 12 Board exams (any stream) is the eligibility criteria for the course. However, the percentage of marks may vary among the different institutes offering such a program.
The Bachelor of Physical Education course is an undergraduate degree course that focuses solely on Physical Education. It is a 3-year course. One can apply for admission on the basis of their Class 12 Board exam aggregate marks (minimum 50%).
Bachelor of Education is a post-graduate course that any graduate can pursue upon completion of their undergraduate degree courses. This is a foundational course, a necessary prerequisite to becoming a teacher at the secondary or higher secondary level.
Post-graduates are also eligible to apply for this program. The course is of two years duration. An entrance examination determines the admission of students to the course.
Pre and Primary Teachers’ Training
These are specialist courses designed with the latest pedagogical methods. The professional opportunities are also higher for candidates with a certificate in pre- and primary teacher training programs.
One of the fundamentals of these courses is an emphasis on understanding child psychology. This is aimed at making future teachers more sensitive and sensible in their responses towards the mental as well as the physical well-being of the children they teach.
Montessori Teachers Training
As the name suggests, any teacher hoping to get a job or make a career in teaching Montessori kids, are required to pursue a comprehensive Montessori teacher training course. Upon completion of the course, successful candidates are awarded a certificate that usually helps in their search for a job.
Some advanced teacher training courses in India also include:
- M.Ed (Master in Education)
- M.Phil in Education
- M.Sc. Education
- M.A. Education
Assistant Professor Course
The government has designed a spate of eligibility tests for aspiring teachers in the country across various levels of governance. These include such tests as:
- NET - National Eligibility Test
- SLET - State Level Eligibility Test
These tests are mandatory for anyone wishing to apply for the role of an Assistant Professor in a college or a university in India.
Career Prospects for a Teacher in India
Depending on the type of teaching experience certificate and training you have been through, there are varied job profiles for a teacher in India. These include:
- Nursery teacher
- Elementary school teacher
- Primary level school teacher
- Secondary and Higher Secondary level school teacher
- Special education teacher
- Assistant professor.
Online Teacher Training Course
Pre Primary Teacher Training
These include certificate and diploma courses to teach in pre-primary schools as well as at the primary level.
Special Education Teacher Training
These include certificate and diploma courses for teachers who want to teach children with special learning needs.
Teacher training programs are specifically designed for those willing to teach children in the age group of 2 to 6 yrs for Indian Schools and 2 to 10 years for International schools using the methodology set out by Maria Montessori.
Certificate TEFL/ TESOL Online Courses
These courses are for teachers aiming to teach abroad or teach English as a foreign language or as a second language.
Early Childhood Care And Education
This is a specialized course for those teaching aspirants who want to learn the art of teaching techniques and knowledge to bring up children.
Educational Administration and Management
Teachers don't necessarily have to be confined to classroom teaching. An educational institute needs trained teachers in non-teaching capacities as well. These courses are meant for those with an ambition to become school/ college principals, school/ college counselors, as well as preschool owners or those with a dream of leading an educational institute someday.
Music Teachers Training
Music aficionados as well as professional musicians can also try their luck in teaching. There are many online diploma and certificate courses for teachers who wish to teach music.
Yoga Teacher Training
As the world embraces yoga, becoming a yoga instructor can be a promising career move. There are many online courses you can register to become a certified yoga teacher.
Top Teacher Training Institutes in India
Teacher education is offered by many colleges and institutes across India. However, only a handful of them produces quality teachers consistently. Here is a list of the top 15 places offering teacher training courses in India.
- K.J. Somaiya Comprehensive College of Education, Training, and Research, Mumbai
- Bombay Teacher's Training College, Mumbai
- Lady Irwin College, Delhi
- Andhra University, Vizag
- SNDT Women's University, Mumbai
- Government College of Education, Chandigarh
- St. Xaviers College of Education, Patna
- D.M.College of Teacher Education, Imphal
- Kirorimal College of Education, Bhiwani
- Jamila Milia Islamia University, Delhi
- University of Punjab, Punjab
- University of Pune, Pune
- Himachal Pradesh University, Department Of Education, Shimla
- University of Bombay, Department of Education, Mumbai
- A.G. Teachers College, Ahmedabad
Become a Teacher, Make a Difference
Teaching is a dignified and noble profession. In India, the profession of teaching is highly valued and respected in society. The people of India acknowledge the important role that education plays in the holistic development and progress of this great nation.
Teacher learning is a continuous process that promote teachers’ teaching skills, master new knowledge, develop new proficiency, which in turn, help improve students’ learning.
The role of teachers is crucial in imparting education to society, at large. We hope that this simple guide from Superprof, including eligibility rules, career and salary prospects, certifications, and licenses, will be able to inspire you to march on to become a successful and revered teacher.