Most people, whether professional dancers or complete novices with no experience have heard of the style of dance classes called the Salsa.

What Is Salsa Dancing?

Normally associated with sexy and energetic moves, learning to dance Salsa style is perceived as something fun to do and as a social dance, not just because of the intimacy you develop with a partner in the studio and in clubs (if you are confident enough to take what you have learnt to nightclubs!) but also because you can feed off the vibes from all of the other passionate dancers around you in the Salsa dance class or on the dance floor.

Lessons in Salsa are great for people wanting to meet new people, as you don't necessarily have to have a regular dance partner. The joy of Salsa dancing is that the two people can switch partners and get a chance to come across new people each and every time they take to the floor. In fact, a lot of people love Salsa so much because they like the feeling of dancing with someone they have never met before; the thrill of the unexpected! How amazing is it to think that two complete strangers can come together and, as soon as the music starts, share such a strong connection through musicality and dance?

What you may not know is that there are different types of Salsa dance classes near me, each with unique features and requiring a different set of skills. Below, I will introduce absolute beginners along with intermediates to the fundamental Salsa styles of dance and, with any luck, will get you excited about learning to dance the Latin dancing way!

You don't need a regular dance partner for Salsa dancing.
Salsa is designed as a couples dance, but you can also perform some parts solo if you wish. Photo credit: The U.S. Army on VisualHunt

Salsa dance clubs can now be found in most cities across the world, even if its history is rooted in Latin America and other United States regions (the different places have their own distinct styles: Cuban, Puerto Rican, Cali Colombia, L.A. and New York).

If you prefer modern styles, take a look at our article on contemporary dance.

About Salsa Dancing

History Of Salsa Dancing

Salsa dancing benefits from having its own associated music, known as Salsa music. Both the dance and the songs originated in the middle of the 1970s in New York, America, and the beats of the tracks highlight the Salsa dance rhythm and the sequence of steps that the dancers take.

Although Salsa dancing was born in New York, other districts in America developed their own unique version of Salsa dancing:

New York

The large number of Puerto Ricans in New York has led to the New York Salsa dance style being very strongly influenced by the culture, with an emphasis on fast footwork. The current New York salsa style is called Mambo or Salsa On 2.

Los Angeles

Exciting, energetic and sexy LA style Salsa moves are designed to "wow" the spectators. The dominant influences are from Puerto Rican salsa, Latin Ballroom and probably Lindy Hop

Couples break away from each other in the middle of a dance to start “shining”, with women striking poses, moving their hips and swishing their hair. Men, on the other hand, do tricky footwork.


Cubans call their salsa dance style ‘casino’. The main difference between Cuban style salsa and north American salsa styles is the circular movements as opposed to linear ones. The man constantly moves around the woman in a circular motion, both checking her out and showing her off to the spectators.


Colombian salsa displays incredibly fast footwork and tight spins. Couples dance extremely close, almost completely touching each other, from head to toe. This is normally because dancefloors are so crowded or because the music is so fast that the movements and footwork need to be fast and small.

West Africa

Salsa West African style is called salsa mbalax and is more African based than latin.

Salsa Dance Style

As we know from the above, Salsa is a predominantly Latin dance but, more specifically, the style of dancing evolved from earlier Cuban forms of dance routines like Son, Cha Chas, Son Montuno, Mambo and Puerto Rican Bomba or Plena. These dances were already popular across the Caribbean, Latin America and some communities in New York City from the 1940s onward. A number of factors influenced the style of dance and its accompanying music which is why we have seen many variations through the years.

The word 'Salsa' itself is everywhere and has been in use for decades. Where it came from is a little uncertain, but some have suggested that it was linked to sounds made by musicians while they played that particular style of music whilst others say it is simply a play on the fact that Salsa as a dance is such an enjoyable mixture of hot styles.

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Salsa is associated with sexy, energetic dance moves.
Some think the name Salsa derives from the hot and spicy fusion food. Photo on Visual Hunt

Below is a list of the Salsa styles you might come across as a beginner.

Afro-Latino style: a popular kind of expressive Salsa for men and women in Puerto Rico, the Caribbean, Haiti and Cuba, this style ties in with African identity and instruments found primarily in Africa, but incorporates many of the elements of other Salsa versions.

Colombian / Cali style: Cali is known as the 'capital of Salsa', because of its overwhelming popularity in the city. It doesn't have Cross-body leads like some other styles, but instead includes a step in place and displace in closed position. The key feature is the quick rapid footwork and skipping motions

Cuban style / Casino: this discipline takes its influence from Cha Cha Cha, Cuban Son, Danzon and Guaracha, but no step is taken on the first or fifth beats. It is closely linked to Afro-Cuban dance vocabulary.

Miami style Casino: another fusion of different Salsa elements, this routine makes use of back breaking steps, whereby the movements are performed backwards diagonally instead of forwards and backwards. Dancers of this style keep their upper body more still and poised.

Rueda de Casino: developed in Havana, Cuba, this dance takes its influence from circles of dancers (hence 'Rueda', which translates as 'wheel'). One person calls out the moves and dancers quickly swap partners. Other interrelated styles are Rueda de Cuba and Rueda de Miami which each have similar sequences.

Los Angeles Style / LA style: using elements of North American dance, this style is danced strictly on 1 and is designed to prevent dancers obstructing other couple on a crowded dance floor. It has been influenced by Swing, the Latin Hustle, the Argentine Tango and Latin Ballroom dancing. Its main features are the forward backward basic step and the cross body lead.

New York style: this style is danced in a flat figure of 8, danced on the second beat of the music (on 2 rather than on 1) with partners facing each other most of the time. The  follower steps forward on the first measure and some solo dancing is encouraged. Origins stem from Swing dancing and New York Tap dancing.

It is safe to say that there is no 'mild' version of a salsa dance - participants really must throw themselves into the lively dance and get out of their comfort zone to truly benefit from what it has to offer! But as you can see from above, with several different styles to master, you may want to research the variations and choose one that you are most taken with.

If Latin music isn't your vibe, try rock n' roll dancing!

Is Salsa Dancing Good If I Want To Get In Shape?

Learning any dance, even a slow Ballroom dance routine practised in a studio, is a challenging learning process and will help to keep you in shape, so long as you are sensible in terms of your abilities, agility and flexibility and warm up your muscles to prevent any injuries.

Salsa dancing, along with much of its Latin dance family, is great used as a fitness program for weight loss, as it includes all the elements of an effective aerobic style workout (primarily stamina) while performing distinctive Salsa moves.

Salsa is high energy so generally uses upbeat music, with between 150 and 250 bpm (beats per minute). That's a lot of moves to fit into a short 60 seconds! While it is designed as a partner dance, there are also circumstances in which you can perform solo and lose yourself in the rhythm of the music. Many fitness classes for individuals like Zumba, but more specifically Salsacise, use elements of traditional dance styles and enable the dancer to learn some basic techniques but with their own twist and in a sociable setting. If you go classes like these regularly, you'll feel healthier in no time. What's more, the sociable setting makes it feel more like a dance party than the usually organized dance lesson.

Dancing is a fun and sociable way to keep fit.
Some Zumba or Salsacise lessons can feel more like a dance party. Photo credit: avarty on

The types of movements required of your body in the Salsa dance style, whether performing alone or alongside a leading or following partner, mean that you are always using different parts of your body, from your core to your toes. Weight changes, taps and kicks are repeated on loops, with six weight changes in eight beats per basic cycle. The idea is to keep your upper body quite relaxed and unaltered throughout the weight changes, which is perfect conditioning and training for your tummy and core.

On the flip side, your hips move quite a lot, which focuses on tightening up the gluteals and the hip flexors. Finally, your arms will also become more solid as a result of continued Salsa dancing training and practise, because they are vital in both the leading and following parts, typically kept open and strong throughout twirls. In fact, solo Salsa dancing doesn't require as much use of the arms so is less likely to tone your biceps and upper body!

Even if you are just learning how to dance for fun, you will still notice an improvement in your health in your one-hour cardio session!

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Techniques To Learn Salsa

The four most common salsa basic steps are:

  • Front to back salsa basic
  • Side basic
  • Back basic
  • Cumbia basic (Colombian style basic)

Any Salsa teacher will tell you this, but what if you want to give learning a Salsa a try on your own?

There is so much more you can do on your own to become a better dancer, alongside lessons if you so choose. What's more, you don't need anything fancy or even a partner to practice these important factors which could make the difference in you being a good dancer and a great dancer.

Get used to dancing with yourself in the mirror: Practicing in front of a mirror can feel a bit awkward and embarrassing, but you really must make friends with your reflection if you want to improve.

Practice body rolls against the mirror, for example, starting with your head, followed by your chest, then stomach and hips etc... when rising back up the mirror, begin with your knees and roll all the way up to your head. As strange as it seems, this will really enhance your body rolls on the dance floor!

On a similar note, you may also want to record your practice sessions to watch back and analyse as an observer/outsider.

Watch other Salsa dancers: To do this, you can either watch dancers in clubs or you can download a film or video clip to observe Salsa dancers from around the world perform. You'll no doubt learn something new or see something you really admire and then be able to incorporate these moves into your own dancing.

Practice body isolations: Once again, in front of your trusty full-length mirror, try moving each part of your body in isolation. Rotate one shoulder in a circular motion, then the other in both directions and then finish up by moving them both together.

With your hips, move them from side to side to loosen them up then try thrusting them forward and back. Other great moves to try are moving them in a circle and doing a figure of 8.

Finally, shift your rib cage from side to side with your arms extended outwards, being careful not to move any other part of your body. Move in each direction before turning it into a roll.

It doesn't matter how slow or fast you do these movements, you can work up the speed in time!

Salsa Clothing Suggestions

When dancing the Salsa, you will get very, very hot, so it is important to wear something lightweight if you don't want to be drenched in sweat. The best materials to wear are cotton or other natural fiber that breathes well.

For women, strappy or halter tops can be worn but boob tubes are advised against because they tend to slide down when you move your core.

Tip: Some tops offer moulded inserts so that you don't need to wear a bra underneath them, making them more comfortable and breathable.

When it comes to skirts and dresses, wear something that falls above the knee as your sharp movements and fast spins could cause any longer material to get tangled up. However, don't wear something that is too short and that will make you self conscious about moving around in on the dance floor.

Tip: If in doubt, practice a few moves in front of your mirror again to check that you are happy with how the dress or skirt floats when you dance!

Remember that you will be dancing with a partner who will be touching your back, holding your hand, perhaps even gripping your thigh if you extend your leg upwards during a sequence, so be aware that sweaty, wet clothing can be a bit of a turn-off and generally not feel nice. Hence why short sleeve, backless tops are often worn by women.

Tip: If you wish to wear sequins, make sure they aren't too sharp (i.e. choose round as opposed to square-shaped sequins) as this could irritate your skin.

Female Salsa dancers will wear sandals or shoes with a heal, meanwhile, those who are a bit uneasy about taking to the floor in high heels may wish to opt for a lower kitten-style heel. This will still allow them to look elegant and lady-like, but reduce the risk or falling or slipping over.

Furthermore, avoid wearing jewellery that will feel heavy as you move, and be especially careful of wearing rings as your dance partner may accidentally hurt you or him by grabbing your hand fiercely whilst in the moment.

As is the case for women, men should also wear clothing that is comfortable and breathable, since they too will be working up a sweat with all the cardio moves.

They may want to avoid tight trousers or jeans, especially slim or skinny leg ones as these could affect their freedom of movement around the hip area. Most men will wear dress pants or smart trousers teamed with a light shirt (jacket is optional but will usually be removed on the dance floor).

If you are a man who sweats a lot, you may wish to bring a spare shirt to change into. A handkerchief is also a good idea to dab away beads of sweat before they start to drench you.

Some clubs have a particular dress code, but in general, they will ask men not to wear trainers or sneakers. Shoes with suede or leather soles are the most suitable choice as they will let you move and spin freely on the dance floor.

Basic Salsa Clothing Dos And Don'ts

Here is a summary of what you should and shouldn't wear when dancing basic Salsa moves.

wear lightweight breathable fabricswear sharp sequins (women)
wear short sleeve or backless tops (women)wear boob tubes (women)
wear a short skirt to avoid it getting tangled (women)wear tight trousers (men)
bring a handkerchief or spare shirt (men)wear lots of jewellery or accessories
wear leather soled shoeswear trainers or high-heeled shoes

Examples Of Basic Salsa Music

As picked out by critics at Billboard, below are 15 tracks that summarise a half-century of music, the signature of basic Salsa.

  • “Periódico de Ayer”, Hector Lavoe
  • “El Preso”, Fruko y Sus Tesos
  • "Fuego en el 23", La Sonora Ponceña
  • “Pedro Navaja”, Willie Colon and Rubén Blades
  • “Vivir Mi Vida”, Marc Anthony
  • “La Rebelión”, Joe Arroyo
  • “Sin Salsa No Hay Paraiso”, El Gran Combo de Puerto Rico
  • “Cali Pachanguero”, Grupo Niche
  • "Toro Mata”, Celia Cruz and Johnny Pacheco
  • “Ven, Devorame Otra Vez”, Lalo Rodríguez
  • “Las Caras Lindas”, Ismael Rivera
  • “Llorerás”, Oscar D´Leon
  • “Dile a Ella”, Victor Manuelle
  • “Conteo Regresivo”, Gilberto Santa Rosa
  • “Quítate Tú”, Fania All Stars

Of course, these are only songs that defined Salsa as it developed and became popular. For more varieties of Salsa music, you can buy or download a Salsa playlist.

You can still practice Salsa-style moves to various modern tracks too, whether at home or in a club, but most experts would warn against trying to make pop music fit in with proper Salsa dancing as the two just don't mix.

That said, students might feel better about themselves and their classes if they know they can go to a club or other party and show their friends or dates they can dance, rather than being limited to their lessons or waiting for a Salsa tune to come on by chance.

So, for a bit of fun, and the chance to throw in some of the new Salsa techniques you've just learnt, check out the beat on these songs from the last few decades:

  • "They Don't Care About Us", Michael Jackson
  • "Family Affair", Mary J Blige
  • "A Little Less Conversation", Elvis vs JXL

Where To Find Salsa Dance Classes

If you want to gain in confidence and are keen to try out Salsa (whether private dance lessons or 'open to all' Latin dance classes), then you are sure to find one on one instructor sessions, couples classes, dance fitness classes or a dance academy near you.

Your best bet is to look for dance studios or gymnastics centres near you that offer the opportunity to learn to Ballroom dance or to master Latin dancing techniques. Some clubs will offer a free lesson to entice you in, some workshops will encourage you to drop in to one of their dance events to get a feel for the dance programs they offer, whilst others may require you to reserve or book your adult dance class in advance or even in block as a commitment to attending the entire class schedule. Getting to know the dance instructor and hosts is important as you can ask them all you need to know before you start, like what type of comfortable shoes to wear, if wearing a skirt is necessary, etc...

If you are able to travel to the capital,  then you will find a number of famous Salsa dancing London clubs, where you can dance all night on Fridays after work or at the weekend - you can even find dance events taking place on Mondays, Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Thursdays too! Just search Google for 'dance classes london' and some Salsa lessons are bound to come up.

Meanwhile, you will come across numerous more locations across the country that offer Salsa dancing: Salsa dance classes glasgow, Salsa dancing Edinburgh, Salsa dancing Manchester... there's Salsa dancing everywhere!

Latin dancing is all about timing, so you should make sure that you put in the required time and effort to keep up with your partner in class.

While it may not be a dance traditionally associated with weddings or your first dance as a married couple, the social dance teaches you a set of new dancing skills that you can use to impress a romantic partner on a night out in town (although wouldn't it be fun if you could make your special day more memorable by having one of those weddings where the bride and groom perform a choreographed dance sequence!?).

If you have two left feet, a dance teacher may not be able to bring you up to international standard and get you dancing in a competitive way, but they will certainly make you feel more graceful and equally help you to embrace your learning experience, teaching you fascinating things about the art of dance. You'll also meet people with a shared passion for dance, which could bring you closer to other people, possibly even sparking a romance.

Leave your reservations at the door. You can dance the Salsa if you put your mind to it!

If you enjoyed this article on Salsa, why not have a read of our blog on urban dance?

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As an Englishman in Paris, I enjoy growing my knowledge of other languages and cultures. I'm interested in History, Economics, and Sociology and believe in the importance of continuous learning.