Hindi is one of the most spoken languages in the world after English and Mandarin. It boasts around 615 million speakers. Although it has an official status as the national language of India and Fiji, it is also recognised as a minority language in countries like Suriname, South Africa and Mauritius. It is easy to learn Hindi because there are no words that will be completely new to you since English belongs to the same family of languages called Indo-European.
Below is a list of some interesting facts about Hindi:
- Though Hindi is one of the most spoken dialects in the world, only 50% of its speakers can actually write fluently!
- 75% of all English loanwords in Hindi come from British English rather than American English.
- The Sanskrit word for "woman" was originally "strī," but due to its taboo nature, the word was slowly replaced by other words for "woman," such as "sādhvi," "bārūt," and "jānnī."
Other than that, Hindi has around 48 different dialects that make the communication of people in various parts of India pretty easy. Now, if you want to learn Hindi from the basics, you need to know everything about it from zero to one. Let’s begin with the history of the Hindi language!
History of the Hindi Language!
Hindi is written in Devanagari script and uses the vocabulary chiefly from Sanskrit. By definition, Hindi is a major standardised register of the Hindustani language, or Hindi-Urdu, itself depending on whether one defines "Hindi" as literary and "Urdu" as popular.
In terms of linguistic nomenclature, however, both these dialects share identical dialects and are thus considered to be one single language: Hindi-Urdu. The word "Hindi" is merely an English loanword of Latin origin that was first used by British writers around 1780 for Indian vernaculars – since then; it has been widely adopted and found its place in all dictionaries.
Many linguists have found the term "Hindi" inadequate, as it is not reflected in most of its native speakers' self-identifying phraseology. For them, Hindi languages are rather called variants of "Hindustani." A more neutral nomenclature is to call these languages dialects of Hindustani – an idea that encompasses all the culturally affiliated languages spoken with a rich literary history in North India.
One major factor behind this Indianizing language is Sanskritization which means evolution towards a more formal register through the use of morphology and/or vocabulary. This has occurred because Hindi borrowed heavily from classical Sanskrit literature and regional usages from different parts of India where vernacular forms had already been established.
The literary tradition of Hindi has been historically defined by the standardised registers and usage of Urdu and Persian as a court language during Mughal rule in medieval India and its interaction with other varieties of Hindustani such as Braj, Awadhi and the local dialects of Hindi. At present, it is mostly adopted by people living in Delhi, Uttar Pradesh (UP), Uttarakhand (UK), Bihar, Jharkhand (JK), Madhya Pradesh (MP), Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh (CG), Rajasthan (RJ), Himachal Pradesh (HP).
What Dialects of Hindi do you need to know?
Here are some of the Hindi dialects based on the geographical location:
Eastern Hindi dialects: The first category of dialects of Hindi is the Eastern dialect. The Eastern dialects of Hindi include Bihari, Bhojpuri, Maithili, Bagheli, Chattisghari, Awadhi, and others. All of these dialects are adopted in areas like central and northern Uttar Pradesh, northern and central Madhya Pradesh, and south-eastern Uttar Pradesh, southeast Madhya Pradesh, and northern and central Chhattisgarh.
Western Hindi dialects: The second category of dialects of Hindi are the Western dialects which are mainly spoken in the western parts of the Country. These include Khariboli, Bundeli, Kannauji, Bareli Rathwi or Rohilkhandi and Braj Bhasha.
Kannauji is a dialect that belongs to Western Hindi languages, and it's adopted in the area around Kannauj. It has similarities with Braj Bhasha, but both are still different from each other!
Bundeli forms part of the Central Indian family; however, since this also very closely ties Standard Hindi, most people would not find any difficulty understanding one another even though they speak Haryanavi as their main form for speaking or writing.
Northern Hindi dialects: The third group is the Northern Dialects of Hindi, which are prominent in North India and among the Hindustani language community in Pakistan. These include Gandhara, Kangri and Dogri spoken in Jammu & Kashmir.
Central Hindi dialects: The fourth group includes Central Hindi dialects, mostly found in Madhya Pradesh and parts of Chhattisgarh. Malvi, Nimadi, Bagheli (Baghelkhand), Bundeli (Northern Bundelkhand), Tharu or Sauria Pahari are the dialects that belong to this category.
Learn Hindi Online and its Pidgins
Other than the term dialect, there are other versions of languages that are known as Pidgins. A pidgin is a language that is developed for communication between groups who do not have a language in common. A pidgin may develop into a creole, a more fully-developed language that children learn from birth.
There are various pidgins that have been developed by the people of India over time. Here are some of them:
Arunachal Pradesh: Lingua Franca, a pidgin language of India in Arunachal Pradesh, was developed because of some Hindi teachers in the state though it has around 30-50 different languages. Since its development, it has been used by individuals who come from various places in order to buy or sell goods & services.
Mumbai Hindi: Though Mumbai has Marathi as its official language, a pidgin made from the combination of Hindi and Marathi has seen massive adoption in the city. As Mumbai is the home to Bollywood, the making of Hindi movies have affected the language culture a lot. People have become more used to speaking Hindi just because of Bollywood in Mumbai.
Hindi in Assam: The individuals of Assam speak a pidgin named Haflong Hindi, which is a blend of Bengali, Dimasa and Zeme Naga. It has words that have been used by individuals to communicate with each other for a long time.
Influence of Hindi on Other Languages
Hindi is popular in the entire world. Hence, It is pretty obvious that it will make its impact on other dialects too. So, here we will take a quick look at the influence of Hindi.
Influence of Hindi on other Indian Script
It is estimated that over two-thirds of all languages in the country are influenced by Hindi. It has the largest number followed, with 23 official Indian languages and their pronunciation varying depending on the region or social status within an area. For example, a village's dialect might differ from another region’s standard form due to differences like education level (fewer opportunities), economic situations, etcetera - though these factors don't account for everything as some regional variations may have roots far older than any recent trends!
Impact of Hindi on Foreign Languages
The most influential spoken language in modern society is Hindi. Many words and phrases have originated from this ancient Indian tongue; some that we know, such as mango or bangle, are now used all around the world!
Hindi has had a huge impact on other tongues because traders who came into contact with people belonging to different cultures found it easier when communicating by using only their mother tongue rather than learning another strange foreign phrasebook each time they set out on business trips abroad.
Thus, these richer merchants would then share more information back home about what was happening down under during trading so everyone could benefit from it along with the language.
Hindi classes near me with Superprof!
As you are well-versed in the speech, you must be pretty curious to learn it. Now, the speech is pretty easy to learn, but you need to use the right resources. As there are many resources online to learn any speech or tongue, you can choose any of them. However, there are some that are above all others, such as Superprof.
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