Everyone loves to speak in their mother tongue. It is natural in the human psyche that your parents teach you to speak in your native language when you are born. The same happens with other people’s children, too, throughout the world as the English speakers. However, most of us may not know which particular dialect is considered standard and how many Hindi dialects exist in India.
These dialects make it easier for people to communicate with each other; at least they would be able to comprehend through the words used if not speaking themselves because every area has its own way of saying things when compared with others around them. So when you travel outside or move to another city, then learning these different dialects becomes useful if you won’t fit into the new environment easily and not be alienated.
Hindi dialects are divided into a few groups like Khariboli, Awadhi, Braj Bhasha, etc. The difference between these dialects is because of the location and the language used by people for their daily conversations in that locality. Let us go through all these Hindi dialects one after another! Here are some facts about Hindi!
How to Learn Hindi Dialects and How many are there?
Knowing the language which you are learning is very important to communicate in a particular area. The same holds true for Hindi, too, and because of this, many dialects developed over time in India. In fact, there are completely 48 different dialects of Hindi that exist throughout the country.
Most of them have their own set of speakers who would not be able to speak with other speakers from other areas easily unless they know their language or understand the words used. This becomes obvious if we talk about individuals from the North speaking with South Indians and vice versa.
Not only this, it has happened in the past and still happens when someone goes outside his/her local state and tries speaking with people from neighbouring states. They would not be able to understand each other. Hence, knowledge of different dialects is necessary.
Eastern Hindi dialects
The Eastern Hindi dialects include Bhojpuri, Maithili, and Magahi. These three together are considered as the predominant languages of Bihar. Since individuals settled in this region after coming from various areas of India, they all developed their own language, which is again divided into many smaller groups like Maithilish (Maithili), Bhojpuri, and Bajjika (Baghelkhand).
Other than this, Eastern Hindi Dialects also include Awadhi, Bagheli, and Chattisghari. These are spoken in central and northern Uttar Pradesh, northern and central Madhya Pradesh, and south-eastern Uttar Pradesh, southeast Madhya Pradesh, and northern and central Chhattisgarh, respectively.
The Awadhi dialect has speakers in Central Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, but now it extends to Bangladesh too. In fact, this was a very prominent literary language in medieval times because many poets wrote their books in this language at that time.
Western Hindi dialects
The Western Hindi dialects include Braj Bhasha, Bundeli, Kannauji and Haryanvi. Among them, Braj Bhasha is one of the oldest forms of the eastern varieties of Hindi that developed from Khariboli during medieval times. It belongs to Central Hindi dialect groups that are spread across western Uttar Pradesh.
The notable feature about this family of dialects is that it is absolutely western to Standard Hindi because most of its speakers live in the west, such as Rajasthan, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.
Kannauji is another dialect that belongs to Western Hindi dialects, and it is spoken in the Kannauj area (the region around Kannauj). It has similarities with Braj Bhasha, but still, both are different from each other. Further, Bundeli forms part of the Central Indian family of languages; however, since this is also very close to Standard Hindi, hence most people would not find any difficulty understanding one another.
Lastly, Haryanvi belongs to the Jats community who originally lived in Haryana state now; they live all over India; as a result, their language spread too, and the dialect has changed from region to region.
Western Hindi dialects also include Mewari that is spoken in Rajasthan and Marwari. It belongs to the Marwari tribe living in the Jodhpur, Pali, and Jaisalmer districts of Rajasthan. Moreover, this language is also for writing some books, but it doesn't have too many speakers anymore.
Central Hindi dialects
The Central Indian languages give us two very important languages. They are Bundeli & Chhattisgarhi. Bundeli is similar to the Western Hindi family of dialects because it was actually developed from Braj Bhasha, just like others. However, in its turn, the Chhattisgarhi language originated from "Bhakha", which was earlier known as "Laria".
The Chhattisgarhi language is spoken in eastern Madhya Pradesh and parts of western Orissa. Moreover, people who speak the Rajasthani language often understand the Chhattisgarhi dialect since both are similar to each other in many ways. But if someone tries speaking with Mewari speakers, then he/she would not be able to understand them because they constitute their own distinctive identity. Learn more about the History of the Hindi language!
Best way to learn Hindi Pidgins
You must be wondering what a Pidgin is. Well, a Pidgin is a contact language with reduced vocabulary and simple grammar, originally developed for use in trade. Pidgin has become the term generally applied to any non-standard language or dialect.
Surprisingly, the Hindi language also has a lot of pidgins that have developed over time for making it easy for individuals to communicate. Some of them are very popular, but still, there are many that are not known to the world. Here are some of the pidgins of Hindi:
Assamese: The people of Assam use a unique type of language for communication that is devised from Hindi and other languages. The pidgin form of Hindi in Assam is Haflong Hindi which has a blend of words from Bengali, Dimasa and Zeme Naga. This combination of words ensures that the people of the various native languages can converse well with each other.
Hindi of Arunachal Pradesh: Lingua Franca, Arunachal Pradesh is a pidgin language in India. It has been developed and used by people who come from different places to buy and sell goods and services. The development of Lingua Franca has been primarily due to the Hindi teachers in the state. However, it has around 30-50 different languages. The vocabulary of Lingua Franca comes from Assamese, Hindi, Bengali and English languages.
Mumbai: After the great majority of Bollywood movies are produced in Hindi, many Mumbaikars have come to speak and work with this language. However, due to their heavy influence of Hindi and Marathi, it has become a dialect known as "Pidgin." This makes them worse at weighing all options but instead relies heavily on hearsay or second-hand knowledge, which can be dangerous when making important decisions without enough research.
In other words: The more complex your decision needs are, then expect less effectiveness during analysis because each option will take up valuable time spent thinking about its pros & cons before choosing one over another.
Private Hindi Tutors Near Me for Dialects
Let’s put this straight. If you are a person who is migrating to some other part of the country, it is pretty obvious that you have to learn the native languages of that place. As English is pretty popular all around the globe and in India, you can suffice with that but only to the corporate level. In the outside world, you have to be proficient in other languages to make your conversation smooth.
Hence, you can choose to learn various Hindi Pidgins generated by individuals from other languages like Sanskrit, Hindustani, Urdu, Arabic, Persian, etc. When looking for professionals who can teach you these pidgins and dialects, you will get many choices online.
One of the finest choices for learning Hindi dialects is Superprof. Superprof is an online tutoring platform that helps in enhancing the spoken, written and verbal skills related to a language. The platform is not just limited to enhancing linguistic skills related to a single language. But, you can also boost your other language skills if required.
The e-learning platform has tutored Arabic, English, Sanskrit, Urdu, Persian, Tamil, and many other languages. This is the reason Superprof is ideal for you to learn the required dialect based on the state or states you will be living in.
Other than that, there are some unique features that Superprof offers the learners:
Lots of choices: No matter which Indian language you want to master, Superprof provides you with a lot of choices in terms of tutors. You can check the background of the tutor yourself before hiring him or her.
Free class: When you choose any tutor on Superprof, he or she will provide you with first-class for free. If you don’t like the teaching style, you can switch to another tutor.
This is all about Hindi dialects in India! Superprof is a great platform for you to master any of it.
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