A language is difficult in inverse proportion to the strength of motivation for learning it - Reg Hindley
Do your recent Google search results throw up "Hindi tuition near me" too much? Are you constantly looking for a "Hindi teacher near me" but unable to find one? Are you looking for solutions beyond CBSE and NCERT books on Science, English, and Hindi? Then put your worries to rest right now. Because with Superprof, your search for an online Hindi class ends!
This article gives you a basic introduction to Hindi lessons. Get solutions in line with NCERT syllabus, if you are from the CBSE board. You can also get access to online resources that you can download and refer to later. Science, Maths, Hindi, English, or Physics - no matter what your learning needs, you will find solutions here.
Hindi, like any other language, requires practice and consistency in learning. If you are a native Hindi speaker, then the task maybe relatively easier. But it is, in no way, to be undermined. Approach a Hindi class with the same seriousness as you would a Math or Science or English class.
You can find out more about Hindi teacher here.
Basic Word Order in Hindi Sentence Construction
Have you ever seen a craftsman weaving pearls in a string? Placing words in the right order in a sentence is as beautiful as that! You simply can't speak properly if you don't have the knowledge of stringing together words correctly in a sentence - be it in English or Hindi. Just stuffing together random words falls under poor grammar and nothing else. So, it's important to understand proper Hindi sentence structure. This may be different from English which follows a different set of grammar rules.
The SOV Pattern of Sentence Structure in Hindi
In a formal conversation - be it any language - the sentence structure doesn't fluctuate and remains fixed. In spoken Hindi or English, you may choose to flex the pattern as per the flow of the conversation. The Hindi sentence structure follows the SOV pattern of construction, where,
- S is the Subject.
- O is the Object.
- V is the Verb.
The primary doer in the sentence is its subject. It can either be a person or a thing and is placed at the beginning of the sentence. For example, in the sentence - "Main khata hoon" - Main is the subject.
The thing on which the action of the subject is performed is the object. Typically, in a Hindi sentence, it follows the subject and is placed before the verb. For example, in the sentence - "Main paani peeta hoon" - paani is the object.
This is simple. The action being performed by the subject is the verb of the sentence. In the above examples, "khata hoon" or "peeta hoon" are the verbs.
Each chapter in CBSE Hindi books or NCERT solutions will help you focus on each component of Hindi grammar. Hindi-medium schools, especially put a lot of emphasis on excelling in the Hindi language.
You can find out about spoken Hindi classes online here on Superprof.
Types of Hindi Sentences
The NCERT solutions for Maths, Hindi, Science, and English are very useful for CBSE students, specially in the higher classes. According to the chapter in Hindi books on grammar, sentences can be classified into two broad categories -
- Hindi sentences by construction.
- Hindi sentences by meaning.
Hindi Sentence Type 1 - By Construction
The sentences that are classified according to their construction can be further divided into three types -
- Simple Sentences: These are called saral vakya in Hindi. For example, ek ladki khel rahi thi (A girl was playing).
- Compound Sentences: These are called sanyukta vakya in Hindi. For example, ek ladki khel rahi thi aur uski ma padh rahi thi (A girl was playing and her mother was reading).
- Complex Sentences: These are called misrit vakya in Hindi. For example, jo ladki khel rahi thi, uski ma teacher hai (The girl who was playing, her mother is a teacher).
Hindi Sentence Type 2 - By Meaning
The sentences in Hindi that are classified according to their meaning, can be further divided into eight types -
- Affirmative Sentences or Vidhivachak Vakya in Hindi: Example - Vah bhagne ja rahi thi (She was going for a run).
- Negative Sentences or Nishedhvachak Vakya in Hindi: Example - Maine kal class attend nahi kiya (I did not attend class yesterday).
- Imperative Sentences or Agyavachak Vakya in Hindi: Example - Tum ab jao (You should go now).
- Interrogative Sentences or Prashnavachak Vakya in Hindi: Example - Tum yeh kya kar rahe ho (What is this that you are doing?)
- Exclamatory Sentences or Vishmayadibodhak Vakya in Hindi: Example - Wah! Kya nazara hai (Wow! What a beautiful sight!)
- Skeptical Sentences or Sandehavachak Vakya in Hindi: Example - Shayad wo wapas nahi ayegi (Maybe she won't come back)
- Wishful Sentences or Ichhavachak Vakya in Hindi: Example - Sada sukhi raho (Always be happy)
- Indicative Sentences or Sanketvachak Vakya in Hindi: Example - Agar tum mujhse milne aao, to main tumhe ek chheez dikhau (If you come to see me, I will show you something)
In any social setting, you would use one or more of these sentences to make conversations and they do not necessarily have to be restricted to the CBSE books for students to study. Unlike science subjects, you can immediately practice what you learn in your Hindi class.
Do you know you can learn Hindi through English here?
Learn Hindi - Use of Syntax in Sentences
In any language - English, Hindi, Bengali, French - the words in a sentence are not jumbled up together. Rather, they follow a specific order and a set of rules. The Hindi word order is different from its English counterpart, for example. The following illustration will explain -
- English sentences word order - SVO (Subject+Verb+Object)
- Hindi sentences word order - SOV (Subject+Object+Verb)
So, a sentence in English - Iris sends a letter to Bia - will become - Iris a letter sends to Bia - in Hindi.
Unpacking the SOV in Hindi Sentences
Just like Chemistry or Maths, learning a language also rides on certain formulae. In Hindi sentence construction, that formula is S+O+V. Imagine putting three boxes in a room. The S, O, and V are like those boxes where you can pack multiple words and the room is the final sentence. Now, in order to put the right words into the right box, you can use the following questions:
- What is being done? (Verb or V)
- Who is doing it? (Subject or S)
- On who is the action being performed upon? (Object or O)
The trick is to always start by identifying the V so you don't confuse the S and O.
Learn Hindi - Verb Endings in Sentences
Just like English, in Hindi too, the verb changes to match the subject. This is discussed under the chapter - verb endings or inflections in CBSE books and NCERT solutions. The following example will build a better understanding -
Take this sentence for example: Bia sends letters to Iris. If we want to change it to Bia and Fluffy, then the sentence would read as - Bia and Fluffy send letters to Iris. Notice the verb changing from "sends" to "send".
The next important matter to discuss is verb endings. In English, to a limited extent, the verb changes in order to match the subject. For example, let’s look at the sentence: “Nick sends letters.” If we want to say in English, “We send letters” then we would need to change “sends” to “send”. In Hindi too, the verb changes depending on whether the subject is singular or plural.
Verb Endings in the Present Tense
When you learn Hindi, you will learn about the basic rules of grammar in a class. For example, the present tense in Hindi has three verb endings, namely,
- ता or ta for masculine singular.
- ती or ti for feminine singular and plural.
- ते or te for masculine plural.
How to Learn Hindi in 2021?
Just learning to think in another language allows you to see your own culture in a better viewpoint - Gates McFadden
NCERT solutions or Hindi-medium schools are only a few traditional ways to learn Hindi. There a newer and more effective ways to learn the language like an online Hindi class. So, if you are looking to find solutions to how to learn Hindi in 2021, then don't miss out on these great tips for students:
- Design a structured approach for your lessons and class just like in science subjects like Maths and Chemistry.
- Students must dedicate enough time to practice the grammar rules.
- Find a native Hindi speaker to perfect your understanding of grammar and pronunciation.
- Download the NCERT Maths Solutions Book- Class 10 here to get ahead of the CBSE syllabus.
- Students can build a social circle to help them learn.
- Click and download online learning material to revise later.
- Sign up for a free Hindi class and get your questions answered.
- Choose a solid medium of study like online courses or peer learners or students with similar learning goals.
- Approach each chapter of Hindi grammar like a Maths chapter in a calculated manner.
- Have fun with learning the Hindi language.
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