Learning another language is like becoming another person - Haruki Murakami
Spanish is one of the most widely spoken languages in the world. As many as 21 different countries have Spanish as an official language. You can learn Spanish quite easily with the help of a Spanish teacher and imbibe the essence of the Spanish culture. Spanish courses are available in plenty and you are sure find online Spanish classes during these Covid times and make the best of your time at home. learning a new language and words.
Look for Spanish classes near me to learn about the components of the Spanish language, its history, types, variations, and of course, the basics of the Spanish language - grammar, sentence, and vocabulary. Learning about Spanish sentences is actually very interesting, as you will see in this article. It is calculative and quite straightforward, although it may appear quite cumbersome for beginners. But you can look for courses that help you gradually move from one level to another.
Types of Sentences in Spanish
Your Spanish lessons will include learning and speaking three distinct types of sentences. These are the three basic sentence types used in the Spanish language.
1. Affirmative Sentences
The sentence structure for this type of sentences follows the pattern subject + verb + object. For example, in the sentence Yo como una manzana, which translates to "I eat an apple", the sentence structure is the same as in English. In such sentences, you can add adjectives and adverbs, if need be, and also omit the subject altogether or place the verb before it.
2. Negative Sentences
This is the easiest sentence structure you will find in the Spanish language. You just need to add a "no" before the verb and you have constructed a negative sentence in Spanish. For example, in the sentence, Yo no como una manzana, you only have added a "no" to mean "I don't eat an apple". So, basically the sentence structure reads like this - Subject + No + Verb + Object.
Double Negative Sentences
You can also form a sentence that has two negative words but are perfect in its grammar. For example, the sentence No como ninguna manzana simply translates to "I don't eat no apple" in English, which is also correct.
Check out this guide to using double negatives in Spanish sentence construction.
3. Interrogative Sentences
When you learn how to form sentences in Spanish, you will come to know of the different ways of forming questions in Spanish -
- Add question marks and rising intonation: The easiest way to construct interrogative questions in the Spanish language is to take an affirmative sentence and add questions marks at the start and end of the sentence. In the end, raise your intonation and you have formed a question! For example, ¿ Yo como una manzana ? means "Do I eat an apple?"
- Switch the subject and the verb: Ask your Spanish teacher how to construct a question by switching the verb and the subject. The above sentence, for example, may also be written as "¿ Como yo una manzana? and it would still mean "Do I eat an apple?"
- Use question tags: Instead of adding the question marks at the beginning and end of the sentence, you can also tag a word within the sentence. For example, the sentence Juan escrive libros, ¿verdad? translates to "Juan writes books, does he?"
How to Form Sentences in Spanish?
Oracion is the Spanish word for sentence. But did you know that oracion may also be used to refer to "prayer" in Spanish? Strictly speaking from a grammatical point of view, una oracion is a syntactic structure that is formed by putting together a subject and a predicate. And this holds true for both the Spanish and English languages. This basically spells out the fundamental rule of forming sentences in Spanish, which is that you first put a subject, followed by a verb, and then finally an object to form a sentence in Spanish. The same structure needs to be followed while speaking the language. Spanish sentences also end with a period and always begin with a capital letter.
Primary Components of the Spanish Sentence Structure
There are three primary parts to a sentence in Spanish -
1. El Sujecto
This is the subject, placed at the start of a sentence. Just like in English, the subject in a Spanish sentence will also be the name of a place, object or a person. It may also be a commonly used subject pronoun such as Yo, Tu, El, etc.
2. El Verbo
This is the verb that denotes an action or state or process. It may be actions or processes performed daily or rarely like dormir ("sleep" in English), correr ("to run" in English). Or it could be some words to describe people or states like ser or "to be" in English.
3. El Complemento
This is what follows the verb in a Spanish sentence. This is typically an object like a place, or food, or an item. It could even be an adjective like bonita or "pretty" interesante or interesting.
Spanish Lessons to Learn Sentence Structure
When you get hungry enough, you find yourself speaking Spanish pretty well - Josh Gibson
You can learn Spanish for a number of reasons. You might be looking to settle down in a Spanish-speaking country or want to work with someone who only speaks Spanish. Or you may have got a job offer that requires you to speak Spanish, at least at the basic level. No matter what the reason for you to sign up for Spanish lessons, you will have to learn the fundamentals of sentence construction in Spanish.
Fundamentals of Spanish Sentence Construction
Conjugation of Verbs Depends on the Subject Pronoun
Unlike the English language, Spanish verb endings may change depending on the subject of the tenses in a sentence. So, the same verb cocinar or "to cook" will be used differently, depending on the subject pronoun. The illustration below will explain -
- I cook - yo cocino
- You cook - tu cocinas
- He/She/It cooks - el/elle/usted cocina
- We cook - nosotros cocinamos
- They cook - elle/ellas cocinan
Subject Pronouns are Optional
Because verb conjugation depends on the subject pronoun, the latter is not mandatory in a sentence. So, if you remove the pronouns in the above examples, you will have -
- Cook - cocino/cocinas/cocinamos/cocinan
- Cooks - cocina
Pronouns Precede the Verb in A Sentence
All types of pronouns in the Spanish language are placed before the verb. This includes,
- Direct pronouns.
- Indirect pronouns.
- Reflexive pronouns.
- Personal pronouns.
Verbs May Precede the Subject
Typically, the Spanish sentence structure looks like this -
Subject + Verb + Object.
But when you join Spanish classes near me, you will slowly begin to understand the beauty of the Spanish language that lets you switch this order. So, a verb can sometimes be placed in front of a subject.
Adjectives Always Come After A Noun
In stark contrast to the English language, adjectives are always placed after a noun in a Spanish sentence. So, you may say "I want a black cat." (Subject + Verb + Adjective + Object Noun) in English. But in Spanish, it will read as (Yo) quiero un gato negro (Subject + Verb + Object Noun + Adjective).
Adverbs Can Be Placed Anywhere in A Spanish Sentence
Another unique feature of the Spanish sentence structure is that you can place the adverb almost anywhere you want. The ones that modify a whole sentence are the most flexible and can be placed anywhere.
Learn Spanish Phrases with Online Spanish Classes
The best part about learning a new language is that you get to learn so many new words and phrases that help you communicate with newer people every day. Take a look at these popular Spanish phrases that you may come across when you learn Spanish -
- Buenos dias - Good morning!
- Buenas tardes - Good afternoon!
- Me llamo - My name is..
- Encantado de conocerte - I am pleased to meet you.
- ¿Como estas? - How are you?
- Bien, gracias, ¿Y usted? - Fine, thanks. And you?
- Lo siento - I am sorry.
- ¡Hasta pronto! - See you soon!
- Adios! - Goodbye!
Isn't it exciting? So, what are you waiting for? Sign up for online Spanish classes on Superprof today!
The platform that connects tutors and students