Physics is all around us. The subject of Physics is also significant due to its applications in other scientific fields of inquiry such as oceanography, earth science, environmental science, geoscience, etc.

A lot depends on your Class 12 Physics exam, especially if you are looking to pursue a career in the physical sciences, later in life. Scoring well in your Physics Board exam for class 12, ICSE or CBSE, or any other board of education in India, is imperative for obtaining admission in a good, reputed college for your undergraduate studies.

Most students find the Class 12 Physics subject difficult.

This is due to the vast CBSE class 12 Physics syllabus. It incorporates various principles of physics across its different sub-fields of study such as statistical physics, atomic physics, applied physics, experimental physics, physics and astronomy, engineering physics, and other advanced topics.

Physics notes
It helps to be familiar with the whole syllabus and structure of the exam paper | Source: Visual Hunt

Students need to plan well and pay full attention from the beginning of the session. An organized structure to their study plan also helps throughout the session, especially in the final three months leading up to the Board exam, whether it Class 10 or Class 12 Physics.

CBSE Class 12 Physics: How to Tame the Dragon

A good place to start is obviously your textbook. And, if you are an aspiring physicist, you would have paid attention in Physics class and in the Physics laboratory. The class 12 Physics NCERT solutions are a handy tool during exam prep. Once you are equipped with that, here are some preparation tips to help you overcome the anxiety in your heart and get ready to face the challenge of the Physics exam.

Know the Structure of Syllabus/ Physics Paper

Students should familiarize themselves with the CBSE class 12 Physics syllabus format of the question paper. In other words, you must know which unit carries what amount of marks. Based on this weightage, you can devote time to the revision of individual topics. Here is a break-up of the marking scheme historically followed in the CBSE class 12 Physics exam.

  1. Electrostatics (Chapter 1: Electric Charges and Fields + Chapter 2: Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance) and Current Electricity (Chapter 3: Current Electricity) - 15 marks
  2. Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism (Chapter 4: Moving Charges and Magnetism + Chapter 5: Magnetism and Matter) and Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents (Chapter 6: Electromagnetic Induction + Chapter 7: Alternating Current) - 16 marks
  3. Electromagnetic Waves (Chapter 8: Electromagnetic Waves) and Optics (Chapter 9: Ray Optics and Optical Instruments + Chapter 10: Wave Optics) - 17 marks
  4. Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter (Chapter 11: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter) and Atoms and Nuclei (Chapter 12: Atoms + Chapter 13: Nuclei) - 10 marks
  5. Electronic Devices (Chapter 14: Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices, and Simple Circuits) and Communication Systems (Chapter 15: Communication Systems) - 12 marks

Using past question papers for class 12 Physics exam has also proved to be immensely helpful for students.

Lecture Notes on Each Chapter

Your class notes on each Physics lesson will come in handy now. Also, it is a good habit to prepare your own notes as you go about revising each topic. This helps in achieving better clarity of concept.

Topic-wise Revision Strategy

Whether you are studying universal gravitation, about the pendulum, general relativity, physical properties of matter, it is advisable to develop a strategy to revise each topic individually. This will give you an idea about your own strengths and weaknesses.

For example, students with a weakness in maths and numerical problems can focus more on chapters such as Communication, Electromagnetic waves and, Dual nature of radiation and matter, Atom, Nuclei, and Wave optics. They can also focus on Devices such as Galvanometer, Cyclotron, Potentiometer, Transformer, Meter Bridge and AC generator as it constitutes the theory part.

Similarly, students who like numerical problems can focus on chapters like Electric charge and fields, Electrostatic potential and capacitance, Current electricity, Moving charge and magnetism, etc.

Maintain a balance between your strengths and weaknesses while preparing for the crucial Physics Board exam | Source: Visual Hunt

Study Plan

Prepare a daily schedule or plan your study on a daily basis. Devote at least an hour every day to the study and revision of Physics. Keep your strengths and weaknesses in mind while devising this strategy. The study plan should be time-bound and students need to strictly adhere to it.

Last-minute Preparation Strategy

These are some useful tips and tricks to wrap up your exam prep on a positive and confident note. You can also check these revision tips for the Class 10 Physics exam. 


Revision is the most important prerequisite of scoring well in Physics. For example, students have to deal with a lot of formulas and derivations in each unit. It helps to sit down and revise them at the end of each chapter, before moving onto the next chapter.

Self Assessment

Test your knowledge and understanding of the topics of study with regular self-evaluation. Pick any topic from your Physics course or a number of topics that you have recognized as recurring themes in past CBSE question papers. Test yourself on these. Time this test and see how you fare.

Sample papers and previous years' question papers are handy tools during exam prep.

Attempt to solve as many papers as you can manage. Go through the answer sheet with your private Physics tutor or a parent and check for the mistakes you can improve upon. Once they are identified, work on them further and take another test.


The old adage, "practice makes one perfect” holds true for everyone, including students! The more you practice, the better your chances get to obtain high scores in your Physics class 12 examination. Practice with your Physics class notes, online Physics lessons, previous years' question papers, mock tests, and other Physics learning resources. 

Want to learn how best to utilize past question papers for Physics class 10? Read this insightful piece and get the answer you are looking for!

Friendly Tips to Get you Through Exam Stress

All prepped for the big exam, now? Here are a few reminders to yourself during the duration of the Physics exam.

Manage Your Time Wisely

Mentally divide your time according to the length of each section of the question paper. For example, 15 minutes for Section A, 20 for Section B, a shade over 2 hours for Sections C and D. Leave a few minutes for revision.

Different ways to de-stress.
Student anxiety is a real thing. Try and relax your mind just before you take an exam | Source: Visual Hunt

Start with the Easier Questions

Avoid getting stuck with the trickier questions. Start with the ones you are confident about. This way, you can have time on your side.

Don't Forget the Units!

Marks are deducted for silly mistakes such as a missing unit to physical quantities in the answer sheet. Your practice prior to the exam should help you nullify this common mistake. It is also useful to add diagrams and graphical analysis to your answers, where time permits.

Revise Thoroughly

As already mentioned, leave at least 10 minutes to revise your answers, especially in order to make the silly mistakes out of the equation.

No Sweat!

Do yourself the big favor of keeping a calm head in the exam hall. It is easier said than done when you have concepts such as electrostatic potential, electromagnetism, semiconductors, quantum mechanics and so on, floating in front of your eyes. However, you must take a deep breath and back yourself to solve the questions.

Remember, you have practiced really hard to come this far. Don't let it all go to waste. Your dream of pursuing a Physics major is just an exam away!

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Shreyanjana is an archaeologist who ironically finds the written word to be the most powerful means of storytelling. A travel buff and a photography enthusiast, she has been writing and sharing stories of all sorts ever since she can remember.