“Music is the literature of the heart; it commences where speech ends.” – Alphonse de Lamartine
More and more Brits are taking to the stage. But before they do, they have the long and arduous task of learning how to play guitar. They need to learn the notes, the chords, rhythm, and even harmony.
Your first guitar may as well be from an alien planet if you’ve never owned a stringed instrument before. Each guitar player will have to get used to playing guitar, learn how to strum a chord, finger frets in a certain way, and tune a guitar with or without a tuner.
To help those who just started learning how to play the guitar and are still finding their way around the neck, we’ve got some tips and advice for you. It’s a good idea for any musician to familiarise themselves with their instrument over a few guitar lessons before they start strumming some power chords on their new Stratocaster or Les Paul copy.
The guitar is made of the three main parts: the head, the neck, and the body.
In addition to all the techniques, you’ll also have to learn all the lingo. (Source: michaelmep)
Let’s focus on the neck because it’s the part where your left hand (if you’re right-handed) presses down on the strings in order to produce a given note. The neck includes a fretboard complete with frets.
The neck is made of a single piece of wood, usually mahogany, maple, or cedar. The fretboard sits atop this single piece of wood and is made of a harder wood such as ebony, rosewood, or maple. Usually, the fretboard has between 19 and 22 frets (though sometimes more) which are made of nickel, zinc, or brass and allow the guitarist to shorten the part of the string that’s vibrating. Each fret is a semitone apart.
Guitar strings are suspended over the neck and the frets. The neck is joined to the head at the nut. The other end of the neck is joined to the body.
If you want to play your new guitar, you need to either play the string open by not pressing down anywhere on the neck or play a given note by pressing down clearly on the frets.
Are you good at maths?
It’s thanks to maths that the distances between frets can be calculated. In fact, maths plays a huge role in music theory for guitarists. Whether you’re playing folk guitar, jazz guitar, electric guitar, here are some things you should know:
Of course, it’s all well and good knowing the principles but you’ve also got to know how to use them.
You might have noticed that there are little circles, squares, or diamonds on the neck of your guitar. These can come in really handy when playing the guitar.
You can use the inlays to help you find the frets when you’re playing. (Source: terryellen)
A lot of beginners think that these inlays on their electric guitar or acoustic guitar are there to represent the notes. However, after one or two lessons, you’ll know this isn’t true.
Unfortunately, it’s not as easy as you might think! They are there to help you but they won’t tell you if you’re playing a C, F, or an A.
On instruments such as the piano, there’s a clear difference between the white keys and the black keys.
However, on a guitar, the same notes appear several times across the neck and on different frets. In some cases, a fret with an inlay may play a C and elsewhere on the neck, the same C mightn’t have an inlay on it.
Working out which fret plays with notes requires a bit more thinking than playing a given note on the piano.
You can see the inlays between the frets and on the edge of the fretboard facing the guitarist’s head.
There are usually two inlays instead of one on the 12th fret to differentiate it from the others. This allows you to quickly find the octave for the open string.
The lowest string is an E. If you play the 12th fret on this string, you’ll also play an E but an octave higher.
The inlays can be found on the odd-numbered frets with the exception of the first, eleventh, thirteenth, which don’t usually have inlays, and the twelfth fret, which usually does.
Thus, there are inlays on frets 3, 5, 7, 9, 12, 15, 17, 19, 21.
If you an electric guitar, you may have up to 24 frets. The 24th fret will usually have the same inlays as the 12th.
You should also work out your level as a guitarist.
As you may have understood, the inlays are there to help you quickly find a given fret. This is particularly useful if you’re playing along with guitar tablature which indicates the fret number to play.
Whether you’re are playing a Telecaster, an Ibanez, or Gibson, you’ll be able to see the inlays, though they may be different to other guitars. They might be more discreet than on other guitars, but they’re still there.
If you really don’t have any, you can always add them yourself if you’re a beginner and need help.
Whatever kind of music you like and regardless of whether you’re playing a Fender Strat or a classical guitar, you’ll need to know where you can find each note on each string on your guitar.
Before you buy a guitar, make sure you try it out. (Source: ignatsevichserg)
The neck on your guitar will help you find all the notes.
To start, you have to learn and notes of each open string. Usually, from the lowest to the highest, strings are tuned to E, A, D, G, B, e.
Additionally, you should be aware that:
For example, if we start with the E string, you’ll hear the following notes along the neck with the open fret being E.
The same is true for all the other strings, you just have to start from a different note.
Easy, isn’t it?
To use this technique, you just need to be aware that each string is separated by a fourth, with the exception of the G and B strings which are separated by a third major interval.
Most guitars will have inlays. (Source: connie_sf)
In essence, this is what allows guitarists to easily play certain chords. Some chords would be almost impossible to play if the intervals with different.
However, there is a certain problem with this tuning: the harmonies between the strings. This doesn’t really work between the G and B strings.
For example, the octave intervals played on the sixth and fourth strings won’t sound right on the fourth and second strings.
To avoid this problem, you need to consider the neck and its strings as two separate parts:
If you’re playing across the two sets of strings, just make sure you add an extra fret to what you would usually play to make the octave.
This will ensure that you maintain the fourth harmony.
We’ve got some more maths for you…
Thanks to a triangle, you can play a single note on three different guitar strings. For example, if you play G on the third fret of the six string, you’ll find G on the third fret and two frets up two strings lower, which would be the fifth fret on the fourth string.
If you’re playing an E on the seventh fret on the fourth string, you know that you’re on triangle’s peak. The other As can be found two strings and two frets lower, on the six string and the fifth frets, and three strings higher and two frets lower, on the first string and the fifth fret.
Try using these different techniques and you’ll soon see how they can help you find different notes on the neck.